Today is Sunday, Aug. 24, the 236th day of 2014. There are 129 days left in the year.
On this date in:
A.D. 79: Long-dormant Mount Vesuvius erupts, burying the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum in volcanic ash; an estimated 20,000 people die.
1572: The St. Barthol-omew’s Day massacre of French Protestants at the hands of Catholics begins in Paris.
1814: During the War of 1812, British forces invade Washington D.C., setting fire to the Capitol (which was still under construction) and the White House, as well as other public buildings.
1821: The Treaty of Cordoba is signed, granting independence to Mexico from Spanish rule.
1912: Congress passes a measure creating the Alaska Territory.
Congress approves legislation establishing Parcel Post delivery by the U.S. Post Office Department, slated to begin on Jan. 1, 1913.
1932: Amelia Earhart embarks on a 19-hour flight from Los Angeles to Newark, N.J., making her the first woman to fly solo, nonstop, from coast to coast.
1949: The North Atlantic Treaty comes into force.
1954: President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Communist Control Act, outlawing the Communist Party in the United States.
1964: The first Roman Catholic Mass celebrated in English takes place at Kiel Auditorium in St. Louis.
1970: An explosives-laden van left by anti-war extremists blows up outside the University of Wisconsin’s Sterling Hall in Madison, killing 33-year-old researcher Robert Fassnacht.
1989: Major League Baseball Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti bans Pete Rose from the game for betting on his team, the Cincinnati Reds.
1992: Hurricane Andrew smashes into Florida, causing $30 billion in damage; 43 U.S. deaths are blamed on the storm.
2004: An independent commission says the blame for abuses at Iraq’s Abu Ghraib prison lies mainly with the American soldiers who run the jail, but said senior commanders and top-level Pentagon officials can also be faulted for failed leadership and oversight.
Chechen separatists set off bombs aboard two Russian airliners that crashed after taking off from the same Moscow airport, killing 90 people.
Psychiatrist Elisabeth Kubler-Ross, who famously theorized that terminally ill patients go through five stages of grief, died in Scottsdale, Ariz., at age 78.
2006: The International Astronomical Union declares that Pluto is no longer a planet, demoting it to the status of a “dwarf planet.”
2009: All sales under the government’s Cash for Clunkers program come to an end, although car dealers are given more time to submit pending claims for reimbursement.
Scotland’s justice minister, Kenny MacAskill, defends his much-criticized decision to free Abdel Baset al-Megrahi, convicted of being the Lockerbie bomber, on compassionate grounds.
2013: Tens of thousands of people march to the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial and down the National Mall, commemorating the 50th anniversary of King’s famous “I Have a Dream” speech (delivered on Aug. 28, 1963).
1989: USX Corp. and Quantum Chemical Corp., each half-owner of RMI Co. in Niles, have registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission to sell the plant in a public stock offering expected to raise $300 million. The new company would be RMI Titanium Inc.
A cutaway 1983 Datsun 280ZX is rolled into the Trumbull County Courthouse as an exhibit in a $2.8 million suit brought by Linda Schuring, claiming that the seatbelt was improperly installed, which contributed to injuries suffered in a two-car accident near her former home in Portage County.
1974: Mayor Jack C. Hunter tells the Civil Service Commission that 11 of 24 vacancies on the Youngstown Police Department partially satisfying the department’s needs and a request by the Fraternal Order of Police.
Arthur C. Young, chairman of the general fund campaign, announces that the $2 million public goal for St. Elizabeth Hospital’s new $11 million addition has been exceeded.
A 21-year-old Canfield man is found dead in his car behind the U.S. Army Reserve Training Center on Miller Street in Youngstown after apparently inhaling poisons from hair spray and paint cans.
1964: Jack Holsten, who was five days from his 106th birthday, dies of infirmities at his home at 746 Liberty Ave.
Ken Venturi breezes to a five-stroke victory and $7,500 in prize money at the American Golf Classic at Akron Firestone Country Club.
Operations resume at Reactive Metals Inc. in Niles when USW Local 2155 members return to their jobs, ending a three-day strike.
1939: The M. DeBartolo Co. of Youngstown is awarded a $132,284 PWA contract for the widening of Andrews Avenue from Oak Street to Logan Avenue.
A new floodlight system at Campbell Memorial High School stadium, built at a cost of $6,700, is nearing completion.
East Liverpool Mayor Lee Copenhaver says the Steubenville lottery “big house” has moved out of the city in response to the mayor’s order that police “clean up all gambling rackets.”