Today is Saturday, Aug. 9, the 221st day of 2013. There are 144 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1814: The Treaty of Fort Jackson, which ends the Creek War, is signed in Alabama.
1842: The United States and Canada resolve a border dispute by signing the Webster-Ashburton Treaty.
1854: Henry David Thoreau’s “Walden,” which describes Thoreau’s experiences while living near Walden Pond in Massachusetts, is first published.
1902: Edward VII is crowned king of Britain after the death of his mother, Queen Victoria.
1936: Jesse Owens wins his fourth gold medal at the Berlin Olympics as the United States takes first place in the 400-meter relay.
1945: Three days after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Japan, the United States explodes a nuclear device over Nagasaki, killing an estimated 74,000 people.
1969: Actress Sharon Tate and four other people are found brutally slain at Tate’s Los Angeles home; cult leader Charles Manson and a group of his followers are later convicted of the crime.
1974: Vice President Gerald R. Ford becomes the nation’s 38th chief executive as President Richard Nixon’s resignation takes effect.
1988: President Ronald Reagan nominates Lauro Cavazos to be secretary of education; Cavazos becomes the first Hispanic in the Cabinet.
1995: Jerry Garcia, lead singer of the Grateful Dead, dies in Forest Knolls, Calif., of a heart attack at age 53.
2004: Oklahoma City bombing conspirator Terry Nichols, addressing a court for the first time, asks victims of the blast for forgiveness as a judge sentences him to 161 consecutive life sentences.
1898: Youngstown State University will display a mastodon tusk unearthed on the banks of the Ohio River near Georgetown, Pa., during surface mining by a subsidiary of Standard Slag Co.
U. S. Rep. James A. Traficant Jr. of Poland gives up living in his Capitol office and will live on a boat docked at the Gangplank Marina on the Potomac River.
Voters in all four school districts that hold special elections — Warren, Niles, Mathews and Poland — defeat the measures.
1974: Chalk one up for medieval astrologer Nostradamus. Dr. Richard Murray, a Youngstown surgeon and student of Nostradamus, told the Women’s Republican Club during a May luncheon that the astrologer’s predictions indicated that President Nixon would resign by Sept. 1.
J. Phillip Richley, director of the Ohio Department of Transportation, presents a check for $100,000 to Mayor Jack C. Hunter so the city can develop a safety and security program at Youngstown Municipal Airport.
At the Kenley Players in Warren: Sally Field (TV s Flying Nun) and Broadway’s Jerry Orbach, star in “6 Rms Riv Vu.”
1964: Youngstown is expected to become the major midway terminal between New York and Chicago when the Keystone Shortway opens, and officials are looking for a new bus-station site to handle the increased service.
West Middlesex’s only bank for 60 years, First National Bank, becomes a branch of First National of Mercer County, which now has nine branches.
Trumbull County’s 119th annual Free Fair concludes at its cramped fairgrounds off Elm Road in Warren. The fair attracted 200,000 people, spurring calls for a new fairgrounds, either at the site of the County Home or the county experimental farm in Bazetta Township.
1939: Atty. Anthony Pacella defeats Mayor John J. Borak in the Democratic mayoral race in Campbell, and William A. Strain, Lyon Plat School principal, upsets Mayor T. A. Roberts for the Republican nomination in Struthers.
Fast footwork on the part of policemen Henry Landgraff and Alex Schrader averts a tragedy when they pull Thomas Krokosky from the Pennsylvania railroad tracks just as a fast westbound passenger train rushes by.
An amended salary ordinance will be submitted to Youngstown City Council that will add 24 firemen and 12 policemen to the city payroll.