Today is Thursday, Aug. 7, the 219th day of 2014. There are 146 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1782: Gen. George Washington creates the Order of the Purple Heart, a decoration to recognize merit in enlisted men and noncommissioned officers.
1789: The War Department is established by Congress.
1814: Pope Pius VII issues a bull restoring the Society of Jesus, or Jesuits, four decades after the order had been suppressed by Pope Clement XIV.
1882: The famous feud between the Hatfields of West Virginia and the McCoys of Kentucky erupts into full-scale violence.
1927: The already opened Peace Bridge connecting Buffalo, N..Y., and Fort Erie, Ontario, Canada, is officially dedicated.
1942: U.S. and other allied forces land at Guadalcanal, marking the start of the first major allied offensive in the Pacific during World War II. (Japanese forces abandoned the island the following February.)
1963: First lady Jacqueline Kennedy gives birth to a boy, Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, who dies two days later of respiratory distress syndrome.
1964: Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, giving President Lyndon B. Johnson broad powers in dealing with reported North Vietnamese attacks on U.S. forces.
1974: French stuntman Philippe Petit repeatedly walks a tightrope strung between the twin towers of New York’s World Trade Center.
1989: A plane carrying U.S. Rep. Mickey Leland, D-Texas, and 14 others disappears over Ethiopia. (The wreckage of the plane was found six days later; there were no survivors.)
1989: Niles Heritage Days are celebrated at the historic Thomas House with Welsh music, refreshments, demonstrations of colonial military maneuvers and a balloon launch.
Some people may deem it inappropriate, but Thomas Flynn says a petting zoo at Hillcrest Memorial Park in Hermitage gives children something to do when their families visit the cemetery.
Eleven firefighters are brought down by heat, fumes and exhaustion while fighting a $500,000 blaze at the Hermitage Fence Co. in Fowler, Trumbull County.
1974: A Mahoning County sheriff’s deputy resigns in the wake of an investigation by Sheriff Ray T. Davis into possible coercive sexual activity and parties among inmates of the county jail.
President Richard M. Nixon’s admission that he tried to thwart an FBI investigation into the Watergate burglary causes four Democratic representatives from the Youngstown region, Charles J. Carney, Wayne D. Hays, Joseph Vigorito and Frank M. Clark, to call for his impeachment. Republican Ralph Regula calls for a Senate trial and Rep. J. William Stanton withholds comment.
Youngstowners interviewed by Vindicator Political Editor Clingan Jackson are almost unanimous that President Nixon should resign.
1964: Air Force Capt. Fred C. Cutrer, husband of a former Youngstown woman, the former Shirley Ann Mansour, is reported missing in action while on a mission over Communist-controlled Vietnam.
A bucket brigade formed by neighbors helps save the large barn of G.F. Howard on Berlin Station Road, Ellsworth Township, controlling a hay fire until 30 cattle could be led to safety and volunteer firefighters arrived.
Ernie Costello, former all-city gridder in Youngstown, and John Vlahos, a standout athlete at St. Mary High School in Warren, are added to the coaching staff of the new John F. Kennedy High School in Warren.
1939: Arthur L. Jones of the Youngstown accounting firm of Simonton, Jones & Co., is elected president of the Limoges China Co. and Sebring Pottery of Sebring and the Salem China Co. at Salem. The companies employ nearly 1,300 men.
Mahoning County Engineer Robert L. Schomer outlines a long-range plan to build six new bridges in the county costing $500,000.