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40 years after Nixon's stunning fall



Published: Sun, August 3, 2014 @ 12:01 a.m.

By DAVID SKOLNICK

skolnick@vindy.com

YOUNGSTOWN

Acknowledging he’d lost too much support

in Congress, President

Richard M. Nixon addressed the nation on television for the last time Aug. 8, 1974,

announcing: “I shall resign the presidency effective at noon tomorrow.”

Forty years later, those in the Mahoning Valley who lived through the Watergate scandal and Nixon’s unprecedented resignation as president, reflect on the historic events.

“It was hard to be a Republican,” said William Wade, a Youngstown 5th Ward councilman at the time who would become county GOP chairman in 1976 and serve until 1979.

“The president, no doubt, screwed up and paid the price. He bit the bullet, but the party survived. It was pretty difficult to defend someone who did the crime. It impacted the national party. It did not attract Democrats to the Republican Party.”

James J. Pirko of McKinley Heights, a commercial real

estate agent, said he grew up as a conservative Republican. But when it became evident that Nixon, a Republican, attempted to cover up the break-in of the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex after it occurred, Pirko said, “My eyes were opened, and it made me rethink everything.”

Pirko said it took him a long time to “face reality” because he admired Nixon, particularly for how he dealt with the Soviet Union.

“I was a holdout for a while and said, ‘It isn’t so,’” Pirko said. “When the facts became abundantly clear, I realized I was being duped and I was rooting for the wrong team. I was an impressionable young high school student. Watergate was an epiphany for me.”

Despite the Mahoning Valley’s deep Democratic roots, Nixon beat Democrat George McGovern in Mahoning and Trumbull counties — and nearly everywhere else — in the 1972 presidential election. The only other Republican to win the two counties in a presidential race in at least 80 years was Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1956 with Nixon as his running mate.

Nixon was a popular figure in the Mahoning Valley when he ran for re-election in 1972.

He visited the Valley on Oct. 28, 1972, just days before that year’s Nov. 7 general election. He took an 82-mile motorcade drive from Cleveland Hopkins International Airport to the then-Youngstown Municipal Airport, now the Youngstown-Warren Regional Airport, in Vienna. About 15,000 people came to see him in Warren, where he made brief remarks, with 10,000 to see him at the airport, where he didn’t make a formal statement, according to an article by Clingan Jackson, The Vindicator’s then-political editor.

For the past 20 years, visits from presidential candidates and incumbents have been common, but Nixon was the first sitting president to come to the area since Franklin D. Roosevelt, a Democrat, in 1940.

Also, Rose Mary Woods, Nixon’s longtime personal secretary who contended she inadvertently erased 181⁄2 minutes of a key recording that could have shed light on whether Nixon knew about the break-in, was born and raised in Sebring — in a Democratic household — and spent the last 30 years of her life in Northeast Ohio, dying in an Alliance nursing home in 2005.

While popular in the Valley in the 1972 election, Nixon was under fire shortly thereafter and resigned Aug. 9, 1974, saying in his televised speech the day before that “I no longer have a strong enough political base in the Congress to” remain in office.

During the Aug. 8, 1974, speech, Nixon didn’t clearly apologize. The closest he came was when he said, “I regret deeply any injuries that may have been done in the course of the events that led to this decision. I would say only that if some of my judgments were wrong, and some were wrong, they were made in what I believed at the time to be the best interest of the nation.”

When Nixon resigned, William Binning led local

Young Republicans. He would later be Mahoning County Republican Party chairman from 1980 to 1988 and head the

Youngstown State University political science department.

“I was a big fan of Nixon in the ’72 election and I was very disappointed with him about the Watergate issue,” he said. “It was a rough time for the GOP. It was tough going. The president is disgraced, and you’re in a Democratic area. But people were civil to me and it was a lot more civil than it is today.”

Binning said it made no sense for Nixon’s campaign to hire five men to break into DNC headquarters. “It seemed ridiculous to go after a Democrat who was a weak candidate,” he said of McGovern.

Numerous area political officials, both Democrats and Republicans, wanted Nixon to resign or be impeached, according to two articles in the Aug. 7, 1974, edition of The Vindicator.

“I feel Nixon could best serve the people and himself by resigning and that it would be in order for an agreement by the House and Senate for no further proceedings,” then-Youngstown Mayor Jack C. Hunter, a Republican and Nixon supporter, said at the time.

“Nixon admits he did wrong. He should resign,” said then-Mahoning County Democratic Party Chairman Jack Sulligan.

Harry Meshel, a state senator in 1974 who would become Senate president and Ohio Democratic Party chairman, said he didn’t “take any joy in seeing [Nixon] take a pounding and be forced to leave. I hated to see that happen. You may want them to lose, but you don’t want the nation to lose. It hurt the nation for our president to go out that way. Nixon could have been a great president, but he misused his talents and didn’t trust anyone.”

In 1974, Meshel was challenged by Wade for the Senate seat. Meshel won.

Both said the Watergate scandal and Nixon’s resignation played no factor in that campaign.

“I don’t think Nixon’s resignation had an impact on any local politics,” Meshel said. “Nationally, he hurt the Republican Party.”

Mark Munroe, current Mahoning County Republican Party chairman, was 23 and working at WYTV in production and engineering and “just getting interested in politics” when Nixon resigned.

“I recall watching that resignation speech and living through Watergate, watching it unfold,” he said. “It was a dramatic event. It seemed like the whole country was caught up in the drama of Watergate. Every week brought new revelations. There was a certain inevitability to it all.”

The scandal didn’t deter Munroe from remaining a Republican.

“It was more of a personal tragedy for Nixon than a

political tragedy,” he said.

Mahoning County Democratic Party Chairman David

Betras was 14 when he watched Nixon’s resignation speech on TV.

“I remember being very influenced by a friend’s father who didn’t like Nixon,” he said. “What [the Watergate scandal] teaches us is wrongdoing is not centered on any one party. Corruption, the quest for power and not doing it the right way is not just from one political party.”

Nixon’s resignation also “solidified the press’ role in being the watchdog of government,” Betras said. “Without a free press, Watergate would have never been uncovered.”


Comments

1questionreality(247 comments)posted 1 month, 2 weeks ago

"Nixon’s resignation also “solidified the press’ role in being the watchdog of government,” Betras said.

Now just discretionary watchdogs of government. Withholding information is a form of propaganda and helps decay democracy. It is not something one would expect from a 'free press.'

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2FreedomTruth(28 comments)posted 1 month, 2 weeks ago

I totally agree with Questionreality. It is obvious that there is no longer investigative journalism. Typically I learn far more from what is NOT said than what is stated in any media. The current media is nothing more than a mouthpiece for the government, both national and local.

Doesn't it seem odd that that a country would continue the policies of a failed presidency? Shouldn't all the laws and regulations enacted at that time be evaluated and or tossed on lack of merit alone? I mean, look at the utterly heinous "drug war" that Nixon started. The Nixon appointed Shafer Commission, After reviewing all the evidence, rather than harshly condemning marijuana, they started talking about legalization. Nixon denounced this finding even prior to it's release.

"Nixon reacted strongly to the report. In a recorded conversation on March 21, the day before the Commission released its report, Nixon said, "We need, and I use the word 'all out war,' on all fronts ... we have to attack on all fronts." Nixon and his advisors went on to plan a speech about why he opposed marijuana legalization, and proposed that he do "a drug thing every week" during the 1972 presidential election year. Nixon wanted a "Goddamn strong statement about marijuana ... that just tears the ass out of them.""

"Nixon's private comments about marijuana showed he was the epitome of misinformation and prejudice. He believed marijuana led to hard drugs, despite the evidence to the contrary. He saw marijuana as tied to "radical demonstrators." He believed that "the Jews," especially "Jewish psychiatrists" were behind advocacy for legalization, asking advisor Bob Haldeman, "What the Christ is the matter with the Jews, Bob?" He made a bizarre distinction between marijuana and alcohol, saying people use marijuana "to get high" while "a person drinks to have fun."" It appears he was not only ignorant of the facts, but a loon as well........ Current government officials that espouse his sentiments and ideology should be viewed with suspicion as well.

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3metroman(42 comments)posted 1 month, 2 weeks ago

The question was what did he know and when did he know it? Nixon was a class act and fell on the sword for a comparative parking ticket. Remember, he resigned because of the cover-up trying to protect his administration. Other presidents act differently. A third rate burglary done by Kennedy's Bay of Pigs Operatives while he had an election lock, go figure who really set this up? I don’t think it was Nixon.

Clinton was not about sex, it was about lying under oath, perjury! High crimes and misdemeanor, perjury is a serious crime. What did he know and when did he know it? Let us not forget Ron Brown killed in a Plane Crash out of the county and happen to have a bullet hole in his head. Ah, his personal attorney was found dead in a Washington park with a bullet hole in his head with very little blood at the scene. What did Vince Foster know and when did he know?

Now lets look at the current situation. Just to start with, HealthCare, you can keep your doctor and it will be cheaper, what did he know and when did he know he was lying? Next, we have “fast and furious” gun running by the Justice Department, what and when? Benghazi with all the key players watching it in live time and men left to die, what and when? IRS scandal against a political party (sounds worse then Nixon), what and when? Now Importation of a new welfare class of tens of thousands of illegal aliens orchestrated and under the watchful eye of good old Uncle Sam. What did HE know and WHEN did he know it?

I could probably go back and list 100’s of what’ and when’s but for people that are in denial it would not do any good. Yes, other administration have lied but as a young man I lived the Nixon years and when he came into office the country was being destroyed and when he left it had settle down quite a bit.

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4uncommonman(8 comments)posted 1 month, 2 weeks ago

You should ask Why do voters know nothing? this valley is a disaster Youngstown is down to less than 75000 people. Their income tax rate is nearing 3% yet they still have 7 council members, hell Columbus only has 7 and it has 600,000 people. The scandals from the past decade still haunt us. i could go on and on, but why bother. The emperor has no clothes

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5gdog4766(1490 comments)posted 1 month, 2 weeks ago

I love republicans! Duck and dodge,duck and dodge. Never address the factual always divert the focus always change history and skew the facts. You guys are experts! I love,love Dick Cheney blaming the current government for involvement and cost connected to the current wars he got us involved in, that he has profited greatly from. The guy is brilliant. But the inventor of all this is Karl Rove, his mantra of lie,lie when caught deny has served these people brilliantly. Bushes constant flow of misinformation and outright lies served him greatly in that election. And when Romney ran the false ad claiming Obama not the government not the house or the senate was selling jeep to China the results were amazing. When called out on this lie Romney just grinned didn't even deny the lie. He actually took pride in that lie totally owning it. Fantastic.

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6steivo(510 comments)posted 1 month, 2 weeks ago

Nixon's impeachment was entirely the fault of the Republicans at that time. What the Republicans should have done is exactly what the Dumocrats are doing today. No matter what the infraction, no matter how guilty, no matter how egregious, just refuse to break ranks and go along with any impeachment proceedings. Take the fifth, delete e-mails and refuse to testify to Congress. Do anything to keep the Liar in office. And then when you are caught in a bold faced lie, blame the previous administration like some are doing on this board.

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7gdog4766(1490 comments)posted 1 month, 2 weeks ago

Brilliant,pathological but brilliant!

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8anothermike(211 comments)posted 1 month, 2 weeks ago

Regardless of what side of "the fence" you are on (not much difference anyway), things that go on now and went on since that era could make Nixon look like a choir boy......

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