Today is Tuesday, April 22, the 112th day of 2014. There are 253 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1864: Congress authorizes the use of the phrase “In God We Trust” on U.S. coins.
1889: The Oklahoma Land Rush begins at noon as thousands of homesteaders stake claims.
1912: The United States Chamber of Commerce has its beginnings with a National Commercial Conference in Washington, D.C.
1930: The United States, Britain and Japan sign the London Naval Treaty, which regulates submarine warfare and limits shipbuilding.
1938: Forty-five workers are killed in a coal mine explosion at Keen Mountain in Buchanan County, Va.
1944: During World War II, U.S. forces begin invading Japanese-held New Guinea with amphibious landings at Hollandia and Aitape.
1954: The publicly televised sessions of the Senate Army-McCarthy hearings begin.
1964: President Lyndon B. Johnson opens the New York World’s Fair.
1970: Millions of Americans concerned about the environment observe the first “Earth Day.”
1983: The West German news magazine Stern announces the discovery of 60 volumes of personal diaries purportedly written by Adolf Hitler; however, the diaries turn out to be a hoax.
1993: The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum is dedicated in Washington, D.C., to honor victims of Nazi extermination.
1994: Richard M. Nixon, the 37th president of the United States, dies at a New York hospital four days after suffering a stroke; he was 81.
2004: Army Ranger Pat Tillman, who’d traded in a multi-million-dollar NFL contract to serve in Afghanistan, is killed by friendly fire; he was 27.
1989: Raymond L. Hess of New Waterford is honored in Arlington, Va., with the Silver Helmet, which is awarded to “AMVET of the Year.” Among others receiving the award is former Secretary of State George Shultz. Past winners have included Harry S. Truman, Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon.
Warren police pick up 17 people following an 11-month crack cocaine investigation and are expected to arrest as many as a dozen more based on secret indictments returned by the Trumbull County grand jury.
Anti-abortion protesters beef up their usual Saturday morning demonstration at the Mahoning Women’s Center on Market Street, resulting in 44 arrests of people on charges of disorderly conduct and resisting arrest.
1974: Two giant steel companies, Republic and Armco, are seeking alternate sources of iron ore after one of their major suppliers is ordered to shut down for allegedly polluting Lake Superior.
Denise Lynn Karcher, 2, is severely bitten by a neighbor’s German shepherd while she was playing on her porch on Florencedale Avenue. Thirty stitches are required to repair the wounds.
Two veteran engineers of the Youngstown Fire Department, John DeMain and George Wolfgang, retire. Promoted to engineer to replace them are firemen Walter Tocicki and David Cadman.
1964: The House of Representatives responds to a Drew Pearson column that depicted Youngstown Congressman Michael J. Kirwan as vindictive and dictatorial by setting aside debate on a $36 million defense appropriation bill to spend an hour in bipartisan defense of Kirwan.
A huge truck garage, big enough to house and service 80 tractor-trailer rigs will be added to the Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Co.’s refrigerated warehouse and food processing plant near completion in Salem.
Demolition begins on the old Sears, Roebuck & Co. store at Market and E. Boardman streets. The site will be used for construction of the $2 million Legal Arts Center to be built by Stephen Baytos & Associates.
1939: Herbert F. Bodine, former vice squad member, files suit against nine men said to operate the numbers “Big House” in Youngstown seeking $400,000 on behalf of various Youngstowners for their losses to the lottery.
More than 1,500 people are turned away from the Indoor Circus sponsored by the Junior Chamber of Commerce after 5,242 people jam the Rayen-Wood Auditorium for the performance.
Advertisement: Tony Sylvester invites you to Tony’s Grill, 925 Albert St.: Spaghetti with meatball, 35 cents; half-pound T-bone steak, 45 cents; Italian sausage sandwich, 10 cents.