Today is Easter, April 20, the 110th day of 2014. There are 255 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1314: Pope Clement V, the first of the Avignonese popes, dies at Roquemaure, France.
1792: France declares war on Austria, marking the start of the French Revolutionary Wars.
1861: Col. Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the United States Army. (Lee goes on to command the Army of Northern Virginia, and eventually becomes general-in-chief of the Confederate forces.)
1863: President Abraham Lincoln signs a proclamation admitting West Virginia to the union.
1889: Adolf Hitler is born in Braunau am Inn, Austria.
1912: Boston’s Fenway Park hosts its first professional baseball game while Navin Field (Tiger Stadium) opens in Detroit. (The Red Sox defeat the New York Highlanders 7-6 in 11 innings; the Tigers beat the Cleveland Naps 6-5 in 11 innings.)
1914: The Ludlow Massacre takes place when the Colorado National Guard opens fire on a tent colony of striking miners; about 20 (accounts vary) strikers, women and children die in the gunfire or are smothered by smoke from the burning tents.
1945: During World War II, allied forces take control of the German cities of Nuremberg and Stuttgart.
1972: The manned lunar module from Apollo 16 lands on the moon.
1999: The Columbine High School massacre takes place in Colorado as two students, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, shoot and kill 12 classmates and one teacher before taking their own lives.
2010: An explosion on the Deepwater Horizon oil platform, leased by BP, kills 11 workers and begins spewing an estimated 200 million gallons of crude into the Gulf of Mexico for nearly three months.
2004: A tornado tears through north-central Illinois, killing eight people.
A judge orders Multnomah County, Ore., to stop issuing same-sex marriage licenses — but also orders the state to recognize the 3,000 licenses already granted in the county.
2009: In Geneva, the United Nations opens its first anti-racism conference in eight years; dozens of Western diplomats walk out as Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad calls Israel the “most cruel and repressive racist regime.”
Ethiopia’s Deriba Merga wins the Boston Marathon in 2:08:42, almost a full minute ahead of Kenya’s Daniel Rono; Salina Kosgei of Kenya wins the women’s race in 2:32:16.
2013: A magnitude-7 earthquake strikes the steep hills of China’s southwestern Sichuan province, leaving nearly 200 people dead.
1989: Youngstown lawmakers are increasing minority hiring quotas for companies receiving financial assistance for the city.
Capt. Frederick P. Moosally Jr., a Youngstown native, is commanding officer of the battleship USS Iowa on which a gun turret exploded during exercises 330 miles northeast of Puerto Rico, killing 47 sailors.
Vincent P. Leone, a 26-year veteran of the Campbell Fire Department, is named fire chief by Mayor James J. Vargo.
1974: Fire razes the home of William Phillips, 74, of 1308 Pennsylvania Ave., New Castle, Pa., and the Central Christian Church next door. Phillips is in critical condition at West Penn Hospital, Pittsburgh.
Mahoning County Common Pleas Judge Forrest J. Cavalier finds Theotis Jackson, 25, of Falls Avenue, guilty of first-degree murder in the fatal shooting of Alfred Kurtzweig, pharmacist at Lester’s Pharmacy. Jackson is sentenced to life imprisonment.
Former Astronaut John Glenn and former pro football player Roosevelt Grier meet with supporters of Glenn’s run for the U.S. Senate at Youngstown’s Voyager Motor Inn.
1964: Two men are arrested in Mill Creek Park while boiling paregoric in an attempt to derive morphine from it.
Three large murals are unveiled on the east wall of the Youngstown YMCA, which were painted by well known Youngstown artist William J. Rakocy.
U.S. Sen. Wayne Morse is scheduled to speak at Avon Oaks, Girard, in a Democratic program supporting Congressman Michael J. Kirwan and other Democrats.
1939: George P. Lewis, former Mahoning County treasurer and former state legislator, dies at his home at 1606 Brownlee Ave. after a short illness. He was 65.
United Engineering and Foundry Co. will build a new addition to its large Youngstown plant under the Market Street Viaduct and will divert to Youngstown much of the work done at the Wooster plant as a result of plans to establish a Japanese plant, United officials say.
Zlatko Balokovic, Croat violinist who will be guest artist for the Youngstown Symphony concert at Stambaugh Auditorium, is renewing an old friendship with Hermann Gruss, Youngstown pianist, while in the city. Gruss was Balokovic’s teacher in Europe.