Today is Monday, April 14, the 104th day of 2014. There are 261 days left in the year. The Jewish holiday Passover begins at sunset.
On this date in:
1775: The first American society for the abolition of slavery is formed in Philadelphia.
1828: The first edition of Noah Webster’s American Dictionary of the English Language is published.
1865: President Abraham Lincoln is shot and mortally wounded by John Wilkes Booth while watching a performance of “Our American Cousin” at Ford’s Theater in Washington.
1910: President William Howard Taft becomes the first U.S. chief executive to throw the ceremonial first pitch at a baseball game as the Washington Senators beat the Philadelphia Athletics 3-0.
1912: The British liner RMS Titanic collides with an iceberg in the North Atlantic at 11:40 p.m. The ship goes under two hours and 40 minutes later with the loss of 1,514 lives.
1939: The John Steinbeck novel “The Grapes of Wrath” is first published by Viking Press.
1949: The “Wilhelmstrasse Trial” in Nuremberg ends with 19 former Nazi Foreign Office officials sentenced by an American tribunal to prison terms ranging from four to 25 years.
1964: Conservationist Rachel Carson, author of “Silent Spring,” dies in Silver Spring, Md., at age 56.
1965: The state of Kansas hangs Richard Hickock and Perry Smith for the 1959 murders of four members of Herbert Clutter’s family.
1981: The first test flight of America’s first operational space shuttle, the Columbia, ends successfully with a landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California.
1989: Former winery worker Ramon Salcido goes on a rampage in Sonoma County, Calif., killing seven people, including his wife and two of his daughters; he is currently on death row.
1994: Two U.S. Air Force F-15 warplanes inadvertently shoot down two U.S. Army Black Hawk helicopters over northern Iraq, killing 26 people, including 15 Americans.
2004: In a historic policy shift, President George W. Bush endorses Israel’s plan to hold on to part of the West Bank in any final peace settlement with the Palestinians; he also rules out Palestinian refugees returning to Israel, bringing strong criticism from the Palestinians.
1989: Developers of a planned $225 million plant in Warren that would convert coal into liquid fuel say obtaining state and federal environmental permits has taken longer than expected, but that the delay has not jeopardized the project.
Congressman James A. Traficant Jr. votes against an aid package for Nicaraguan Contra rebels, suggesting the money be sent to U.S. cities because “our greatest threat is not a missile, it’s not Sandinistas, it’s this economy, where American citizens are frustrated and some of our cities are literally out of control. “
A 15-year Youngstown firefighter, Robert I. Stewart, 42, dies of injuries suffered when his motorcycle slammed into a car at Fifth and West Rayen avenues.
1974: Mahoning County voters will decide whether the county will continue to operate the Mahoning County Nursing Home at 4780 Kirk Road when they vote on a 1- mill, five-year operating levy for the home.
The Mahoning County Welfare Department expects to provide jobs for at least 100 welfare recipients under Ohio’s new Employment Opportunities in Social Services program.
Youngstown State, behind nifty pitching from Jeff Maley and Daryl Smith, shut out Geneva in a doubleheader at Pemberton Park as the Penguins launch their baseball season under coach Dom Roselli.
1964: A 5-year-old Austintown boy, Jimmy Slattery, is in critical condition in South Side Hospital with injuries suffered when he and his tricycle were dragged more than a mile under a neighbor’s car.
Mayor Anthony B. Flask asks City Council to appropriate $12,500 for a study to determine how many incomes in the city are not being taxed under the city’s income tax ordinance.
The St. Nicholas School cagers, under coach Bob Stoops, win the National Division title in the Parochial Basketball League and are also tournament champs with a 15-1 record.
1939: Coal hauling from eastern Ohio and western Pennsylvania to the Youngstown district is sharply curtailed as many smaller mines, both strip and underground, are closed by striking United Mine Workers.
Stephen Petrillo faces life imprisonment after being found guilty with a recommendation for mercy in the knife slaying of Mamie Richards, 40, at her Arch Street house in December.
Wallace Metcalfe, secretary of the Youngstown Civil Service Commission, is compiling an eligibility list from which Mayor Lionel Evans may appoint clerks and other city employees who are not yet covered by civil service.