Today is Palm Sunday, April 13, the 103rd day of 2014. There are 262 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1613: Pocahontas, daughter of Chief Powhatan, is captured by English Capt. Samuel Argall in the Virginia Colony and is held in exchange for English prisoners and stolen weapons. (During a yearlong captivity, Pocahontas converted to Christianity and ultimately opted to stay with the English. )
1743: The third president of the United States, Thomas Jefferson, is born in Shadwell in the Virginia Colony.
1861: At the start of the Civil War, Fort Sumter in South Carolina falls to Confederate forces.
1912: The Royal Flying Corps, a predecessor of Britain’s Royal Air Force, is created.
1943: President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C., on the 200th anniversary of the third American president’s birth.
1958: Van Cliburn of the United States wins the first International Tchaikovsky Competition for piano in Moscow; Russian Valery Klimov wins the violin competition.
1964: Sidney Poitier becomes the first black performer in a leading role to win an Academy Award for his performance in “Lilies of the Field.” (Patricia Neal is named best actress for “Hud”; best picture goes to “Tom Jones.”)
1970: Apollo 13, four-fifths of the way to the moon, is crippled when a tank containing liquid oxygen bursts. The astronauts manage to return safely.
1974: NASA launches Westar 1, America’s first commercial communications satellite, for Western Union.
1986: Pope John Paul II visits the Great Synagogue of Rome in the first recorded papal visit of its kind to a Jewish house of worship.
1992: The Great Chicago Flood takes place as the city’s century-old tunnel system and adjacent basements fill with water from the Chicago River.
1999: Right-to-die advocate Dr. Jack Kevorkian is sentenced in Pontiac, Mich., to 10 to 25 years in prison for second-degree murder in the lethal injection of a Lou Gehrig’s disease patient. (Kevorkian ended up serving eight years.)
2004: Conceding a couple of “tough weeks in Iraq,” President George W. Bush signals he is ready to put more American troops on the front lines and use decisive force if necessary to restore order despite “gut-wrenching” televised images of fallen Americans.
Barry Bonds hits his 661st homer, passing Willie Mays to take sole possession of third place on baseball’s career list.
2009: The U.N. Security Council condemns North Korea’s April 5 rocket launch.
President Barack Obama allows Americans to make unlimited transfers of money and visits to relatives in Cuba.
Former Detroit Tigers pitcher Mark “The Bird” Fidrych dies in an accident on his Massachusetts farm; he was 54.
Harry Kalas, whose “Outta here!” home run calls thrilled Philadelphia baseball fans, dies after collapsing in the broadcast booth before the Phillies’ 9-8 victory over the Nationals in Washington; he was 73.
1989: A former Stuckey’s restaurant at I-80 and U.S. Route 19 south of Mercer is being dismantled and will be rebuilt as a chapel at the Regional Correctional Facility in Mercer.
The Trumbull County Board of Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities notifies Trumbull County commissioners that its members will not attend a meeting called by commissioners to discuss issues concerning operation of the Fairhaven School for the Mentally Retarded.
The Ohio Supreme Court orders a new trial for Raymond Howard, convicted in the 1979 throat-slashing death of Glenn Frank, a 25-year-old Youngstown State University student.
1974: A state audit strongly criticizes bookkeeping and accounting inaccuracies by the Youngstown Model Cities program.
The Rev. L.J. Shipmon, D.D., pastor of First Calvary Baptist Church, will deliver his sermon, “His Resurrection Seals Our Redemption” on Easter. The sermon was first published in 1970.
Playing at the Uptown Theater, “The Sting,” winner of seven Academy Awards, starring Paul Newman and Robert Redford.
1964: Harold E. Green, 28, of Hubbard, a former Youngstown University football star, is killed when his car strikes a pole in Hickory Township near Wheatland, Pa.
The Rev. A.J. Marsteller, pastor of Struthers Baptist Tabernacle, says 5,000 signatures were collected from young people on petitions urging the return of prayers and the Bible to public schools.
Peace Corps representatives visit Youngstown University on a recruitment mission, meeting with students in the lobby of the main building.
1939: Robert L. Fleming, principal of South High School, expects more than 2,000 teachers at a two-day conference of the Northeastern Ohio Teachers Association. The principal speaker will be Dr. Alonzo Grace, commissioner of education for Connecticut.
James H. Shaw, 78, owner of Shaw Vineyards, is burned to death after being trapped in the attic of his Hubbard Road home, which was destroyed by fire.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt receives a first-hand report at the White House on the importance of a Lake Erie-Ohio River canal from Youngstown Congressman Michael J. Kirwan and William F. Maag Jr., editor of The Vindicator.