Today is Friday, April 11, the 101st day of 2013. There are 264 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1689: William III and Mary II are crowned as joint sovereigns of Britain.
1713: The Treaty of Utrecht is signed, ending the War of the Spanish Succession.
1814: Napoleon Bonaparte abdicates as emperor of the French and is banished to the island of Elba. (Napoleon later escapes from Elba and returns to power in March 1815, until his downfall in the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815.)
1899: The treaty ending the Spanish-American War is declared in effect.
1914: The George Bernard Shaw play “Pygmalion” has its London premiere.
1921: Iowa becomes the first state to impose a cigarette tax, at 2 cents a package.
1945: During World War II, American soldiers liberate the notorious Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald in Germany.
1951: President Harry S. Truman relieves Gen. Douglas MacArthur of his commands in the Far East.
1963: Pope John XXIII issues his final encyclical, “Pacem in Terris” — “Peace on Earth.”
1970: Apollo 13, with astronauts James A. Lovell, Fred W. Haise and Jack Swigert, blasts off on its ill-fated mission to the moon.
1974: A jury in Media, Pa., convicts former United Mine Workers of America President W.A. “Tony” Boyle of three counts of first-degree murder for ordering the killings in 1969 of union rival Joseph A. Yablonski, Yablonski’s wife and daughter. (The convictions were overturned, but Boyle was found guilty in a re-trial.)
1979: Idi Amin is deposed as president of Uganda as rebels and exiles backed by Tanzanian forces seize control.
1989: Werner Lange and Muriel Robinson, representing the Rainbow Coalition of Trumbull County, say 10,000 signatures have been collected on petitions asking the Ohio EPA to withhold approval of a Browning-Ferris Inc. medical waste incinerator on Pine Avenue SE in Warren.
Mahoning County Prosecutor James Philomena will seek the death penalty for Stephen A. Vrabel, who is charged with aggravated murder in the deaths of Susan Clemente and her daughter Lisa Marie.
By a 10-7 vote, the Ohio Board of Education rejects transferring Coitsville students from the Youngstown City School District to the Lowellville School District, saying the transfer would have a negative racial impact on city schools.
1974: The Youngstown and Mahoning County boards of health warn people who have recently purchased hamsters at Woolworth stores that the animals may be carrying lymphatic meningitis, a viral disease that is rarely fatal to humans, but is extremely uncomfortable.
Councilman William R. Shranko, R-4th, resigns from the council committee on health and ecology because of the controversy surrounding the reduction in salary council imposed on the health board’s health educator, Paul Kline.
By a 5-1 vote, the Youngs-town Board of Education agrees to meet with representatives of the NAACP, even while reinforcing their intention to appoint a community review committee to study demands for desegregation.
1964: Work will begin July 1 at the Lordstown site where General Motors Corp. is to build a Chevrolet-Fisher Body assembly plant.
The city building department condemns a house at 1714 Elm St. that is occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Roy Bergman and is slipping into the Crandall Park ravine after a retaining wall gave way. The city will buy the property and demolish the house.
1939: Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co.’s 20,084 employees in 1938 earned 93.4 cents an hour, one of the highest rates in the steel industry, which had an average of 92.1 cents.
U.S. Rep. Joseph J. Mansfield, a Texas Democrat and chairman of the House rivers and harbors committee, urges Congress to consider authority in 1939 for at least part of the Lake Erie-Ohio River waterway.
Republic Steel Corp. announces that its subsidiary, the Ideal Foundry Co. at Beaver Falls, Pa., will be moved to the old Newton Steel Co. plant at Newton Falls.