Today is Thursday, April 3, the 93rd day of 2014. There are 272 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1776: George Washington receives an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Harvard College.
1860: The legendary Pony Express begins carrying mail between St. Joseph, Mo., and Sacramento, Calif. (The delivery system lasted only 18 months before giving way to the transcontinental telegraph.)
1882: Outlaw Jesse James is shot to death in St. Joseph, Mo., by Robert Ford, a member of James’ gang.
1913: British suffragist Emmeline Pankhurst is sentenced to three years in jail for inciting supporters to bomb the home of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, David Lloyd George. (Pankhurst, known for staging hunger strikes in prison, was repeatedly released and reincarcerated.)
1936: Bruno Hauptmann is electrocuted in Trenton, N.J., for the kidnap-murder of Charles Lindbergh Jr.
1944: The U.S. Supreme Court, in Smith v. Allwright, strikes down a Democratic Party of Texas rule that allows only white voters to participate in Democratic primaries.
1946: Lt. Gen. Masaharu Homma, the Japanese commander held responsible for the Bataan Death March, is executed by firing squad outside Manila.
1948: President Harry S. Truman signs the Marshall Plan, designed to help European allies rebuild after World War II and resist communism.
1989: Even if Trumbull County Engineer Edward E. Ryser can convince county commissioners of the need for a $10 auto registration fee increase, commissioners unanimously agree that the issue must be decided on the ballot.
William M. Denihan, Ohio highway safety director, insists that politics was kept out of the selection of new deputy registrars in Mahoning and Trumbull counties, even though 11 of the 12 named had been licensed under the previous politically-oriented system.
Members of the Ohio National Guard stationed in war-torn Central America are in no apparent danger, state Rep. Robert F. Hagan of Youngstown says after visiting Honduras with 12 other legislators.
1974: Clean-up operations resume at the site of a Baltimore & Ohio Railroad derailment in Newton Falls, where a Mount Gilead man was injured in a fall from a trestle into the Mahoning River. David Styer, 25, is in the intensive care unit at St. Joseph Hospital in Warren.
An after-school argument leaves Erwin Samuels, a 15-year-old sophomore at Farrell High School, dead of knife wounds and his 16-year-old assailant in Mercer County jail.
Niles’ 31-member police force fails to report to work, climaxing an increasingly bitter contract dispute with city officials.
1964: Youngstown Municipal Judge Don L. Hanni dismisses charges of manslaughter against a 22-year-old male baby-sitter in the death of Curtis Jenkins, 2, saying he could find “not even a reasonable suspicion” of criminal intent when the man dropped the baby on his head.
Mark D’Alessio, first assistant city clerk, is named unanimously by city council to assume the job of clerk, which became open with the death of Joseph M. Bindas.
More than an inch of rainfall in a day sends Meander Reservoir five inches above the flashboards for the first time in two years.
1939: City Park Policeman Jack Connors takes a midnight swim in Crandall Park Lake with the temperature approaching freezing after he discovers “Mary Ann,” one of the park’s oldest swans and a favorite of Mayor Lionel Evans who stops by to feed her, tangled in wire fencing that separates the upper and lower lakes.
Fred H. Roose, director of the Akron district, says 580 WPA workers in Mahoning County will be laid off after Congress allocates far less than the $150 million requested by President Roosevelt.
An overflow crowd attends the dedication of the new First Presbyterian Church in Salem, built at a cost of $90,000.