Today is Monday, Sept. 30, the 273rd day of 2013. There are 92 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1777: The Continental Congress — forced to flee in the face of advancing British forces — moves to York, Pa.
In 1791: Mozart’s opera “The Magic Flute” premieres in Vienna, Austria.
1809: A treaty is signed by Indiana Territory Gov. William Henry Harrison and representatives of four Indian tribes under which the Indians sold some 3 million acres of land to be used for U.S. settlements.
1846: Boston dentist William Morton uses ether as an anesthetic for the first time as he extracts an ulcerated tooth from merchant Eben Frost.
1938: After co-signing the Munich Agreement allowing Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain says, “I believe it is peace for our time.”
1954: The first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus, is commissioned by the Navy.
1955: Actor James Dean, 24, is killed in a two-car collision near Cholame, Calif.
1962: Black student James Meredith is escorted by federal marshals to the campus of the University of Mississippi, where he enrolls for classes the next day.
1986: The U.S. releases accused Soviet spy Gennadiy Zakharov, one day after the Soviets release American journalist Nicholas Daniloff.
1988: Soviet leader Mik-hail S. Gorbachev, retires President Andrei A. Gromyko from the Politburo and fires other old-guard leaders in a Kremlin shake-up.
2001: Under threat of U.S. military strikes, Afghanistan’s hard-line Taliban rulers say explicitly for the first time that Osama bin Laden is still in the country and that they know where his hideout is located.
2003: The FBI begins a full-scale criminal investigation into whether White House officials had illegally leaked the identity of undercover CIA officer Valerie Plame.
1988: Trumbull County Commissioner Arthur Magee suggests establishing a host of enterprise zones across the county to “get ahead of the game” in attracting business to the area.
Although the grand opening of the Wick-Pollock Inn isn’t scheduled until November, the inn will begin booking business meetings and renting rooms to travelers in October.
Republican Senate candidate George Voinovich tells a group of Youngstown State University students that the incumbent, Democrat Howard Metzenbaum, is a high-spender who promotes strife instead of cooperation.
1973: GF Business Equipment is revamping a plant modernization plan to better fit its needs for growing business and will add 100 jobs, says GF President Robert Williams.
State Sen. Stanley Aron-off, R-Cincinnati, said the state Bureau of Motor Vehicles’ sale of lists of auto registrants is “a despicable invasion of privacy” and he will draft legislation to ban the practice.
The Youngstown Symphony opens its 47th season before a near capacity audience with a program of Dvorak, Beethoven and Richard Strauss.
1963: Former Youngstown Police Chief Edward Allen, who has written a book on the Mafia, says the testimony of informer Joseph Valachi may finally convince law enforcement officials in Washington of the importance of battling organized crime.
Commercial Industrial Enterprises Inc. purchases the Palace Theater Building on Central Square for an undisclosed amount and says it intends to remodel the building.
The Renner Brewing Co., second oldest industry in the Mahoning Valley, sells its idle brewery, land an equipment at 203 Pike St. to Andrews Avenue Realty Co., which will convert the building into a warehouse.
1938: Youngstown College President Howard W. Jones announces that there will be no drinking at college football games in Youngstown and that police officers will enforce the ban.
Tom Girdler, chairman of Republic Steel Corp., tells the Association of Iron and Steel Engineers in Cleveland that the American steel industry must show its ability to earn a fair return if it is to attract capital.
The Rev. Harold D. Germer of Wilson Avenue Baptist Church is re-elected moderator of the Trumbull Baptist Association at the 99th annual session of the group, held at Calvary Baptist Church.