Today is Friday, Sept. 27, the 270th day of 2013. There are 95 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1540: Pope Paul III issues a papal bull establishing the Society of Jesus, or Jesuits, as a religious order.
1779: John Adams is named by Congress to negotiate the Revolutionary War’s peace terms with Britain.
1854: The first great disaster involving an Atlantic Ocean passenger vessel occurs when the steamship SS Arctic sinks off Newfoundland; of the more than 400 people on board, only 86 survive.
1928: The United States recognizes the Nationalist Chinese government.
1939: Warsaw, Poland, surrenders after weeks of resistance to invading forces from Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union during World War II.
1941: On “Liberty Fleet Day,” the United States launches 14 rapidly built military cargo vessels, including the first Liberty ship, the SS Patrick Henry, which is personally launched by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Baltimore.
1942: Glenn Miller and his orchestra perform together for the last time, at the Central Theater in Passaic, N.J., prior to his entry into the Army.
1954:“Tonight!” hosted by Steve Allen makes its network debut on NBC-TV.
1964: The government publicly releases the report of the Warren Commission, which finds that Lee Harvey Oswald had acted alone in assassinating President John F. Kennedy.
1988: Three days after placing first in the men’s 100-meter dash at the Seoul Summer Olympics, Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson leaves for home in disgrace, stripped of his gold medal by officials who said Johnson had used anabolic steroids.
1991: The Senate Judiciary Committee deadlocks, 7-7, on the nomination of Clarence Thomas to the U.S. Supreme Court.
President George H.W. Bush announces in a nationally broadcast address that he is eliminating all U.S. battlefield nuclear weapons and calls on the Soviet Union to match the gesture.
1994: More than 350 Republican congressional candidates gather on the steps of the U.S. Capitol to sign the “Contract with America,” a 10-point platform they pledged to enact if voters sent a GOP majority to the House.
2001: President George W. Bush asks the nation’s governors to post National Guard troops at airports as a first step toward federal control of airline security.
1988: Mahoning County Prosecutor Gary Van Brocklin says he’ll prosecute any welfare cheats identified in a recent probe by state Auditor Thomas E. Ferguson.
Mahoning Valley farmers seeking federal disaster relief will have to show crop losses of at least 35 percent due to the drought.
Officials of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers tell Youngstown Mayor Patrick Ungaro that they will look into the role the corps could play in helping to revitalize the Mahoning River.
1973: Youngstown area druggists say convicted narcotics addicts should not be released prior to serving their sentences and suspects accused of narcotic violations should not be released on reduced bonds if the wave of robberies of pharmacists is to be stopped.
Statistics released by the U.S. Department of Justice show Youngstown’s crime rate decreased by 3 percent during the first half of 1973.
A 17-year-old Urbana High School unwed mother is ruled off the homecoming ballot by the school principal who told her “only virgins can run for homecoming queen.”
1963: Gov. James A. Rhodes names Kenneth M. Lloyd, secretary of the Mahoning Valley Industrial Council, to the new Ohio Manpower Advisory Committee.
The Youngstown Maen-nerchor Club will celebrate its 100th anniversary with a two-day event that will include a dinner dance and singing by the Maennerchor’s mixed chorus.
E. Arthur Swanson of Forest Hill Avenue, Poland, receives the designation as Knight of the York Cross of Honor, highest honorary degree in the York Rite of Freemasonry.
1938: The Rendezvous Villa night club loses its fight to prevent a local option vote in Austintown Township that would turn the area dry.
Fourth Ward Councilman William Brown urges Youngstown officials to make the widening of Mahoning Avenue the first project under the PWA streets improvement project.
Mary Spear, a tiny 70-year-old seamstress, is found dead with a shotgun discharge in her right lung in the hallway of 36 S. Jefferson St., New Castle.