Today is Sunday, Sept. 22, the 265th day of 2013. There are 100 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1776: Nathan Hale is hanged as a spy by the British during the Revolutionary War.
1792: The French Republic is proclaimed.
1862: President Abraham Lincoln issues the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, declaring all slaves in rebel states should be free as of Jan. 1, 1863.
1927: Gene Tunney successfully defends his heavyweight boxing title against Jack Dempsey in the famous “long-count” fight in Chicago.
1949: The Soviet Union explodes its first atomic bomb.
1950: Omar N. Bradley is promoted to the rank of five-star general, joining an elite group that included Dwight D. Eisenhower, Douglas MacArthur, George C. Marshall and Henry H. “Hap” Arnold.
1961: The Interstate Commerce Commission issues rules prohibiting racial discrimination on interstate buses.
1964: The musical “Fiddler on the Roof” opens on Broadway, beginning a run of 3,242 performances.
1975: Sara Jane Moore attempts to shoot President Gerald R. Ford outside a San Francisco hotel, but missed. (Moore serves 32 years in prison before being paroled on Dec. 31, 2007.)
1980: The Persian Gulf conflict between Iran and Iraq erupts into full-scale war.
1985: Rock and country music artists participate in “FarmAid,” a concert staged in Champaign, Ill., to help the nation’s farmers.
1989: Songwriter Irving Berlin dies in New York City at age 101.
2001: President George W. Bush consults with Russian President Vladimir Putin as the United States musters a military assault on terrorism after Sept. 11.
1988: Three young men are shot, two fatally, in what police believe was a drug-related attack at a Kimmel Brook Homes apartment. Dead are Jonathan Perry, 21, and Victor Hardret, 17.
Responding to reaction to his statement that white women should not be given preferential treatment in receiving city contracts because they have not suffered from legalized discrimination such as Jim Crow laws, William M. Carter, Youngstown Human Relations Commission administrator, says he has never discriminated against women.
Seventy-one teachers, members of the Lordstown Education Association, ratify a new contract at 6:30 a.m., ending a 10-day strike.
1973: Mahoning County Clerk of Courts Anthony Vivo administers the oath of allegiance to 36 new naturalized citizens in the courtroom of Common Pleas Judge Forest J. Cavalier.
Juvenile Court Judge Martin P. Joyce sentences a 16-year-old Rayen School student to the Mansfield Reformatory until his 21st birthday for shooting and wounding three fellow students.
James R. Rinehart, formerly of Warren and director of sales components for General Motors Corp., will return to Warren as works manager of the Packard Electric Division of GM.
1963: Six Youngstown citizens are mapping plans for a $1 million school for retarded children, and county Commissioner John Palermo has met with his old friend, Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare Anthony J. Celebrezze.
The Ohio Turnpike posts new “Fasten Seat Belt” signs at all 16 Turnpike plazas.
Mr. and Mrs. Arnold Stambaugh make a gift of 422 acres to the Mahoning Valley Council, Boy Scouts of America, for use by advanced Scouts.
1938: A young woman found unconscious in the interurban bus terminal has regained consciousness in St. Elizabeth Hospital but is not helping authorities in their attempt to identify her.
The opening date for the Youngstown Symphony Orchestra has been changed from Oct 13 to Oct. 14 to avoid a conflict with the Youngstown College-John Carroll football game, says Symphony Society President Albert H. Kindler.
Playing at the Warner: Spencer Tracy and Mickey Rooney in “Boys Town.”