Today is Monday, Sept. 16, the 259th day of 2013. There are 106 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1810: Mexicans are inspired to begin their successful revolt against Spanish rule by Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and his “Grito de Dolores” (“Cry of Dolores”).
1857: The song “Jingle Bells” by James Pierpont is copyrighted under its original title, “One Horse Open Sleigh.” (The song, while considered a Christmastime perennial, was actually written by Pierpont for Thanksgiving.)
1893: More than 100,000 settlers swarm onto a section of land in Oklahoma known as the “Cherokee Strip.”
1908: General Motors is founded in Flint, Mich., by William C. Durant.
1919: The American Legion receives a national charter from Congress.
1940: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs into law the Selective Training and Service Act.
Samuel T. Rayburn of Texas is elected speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives.
1953: “The Robe,” the first movie presented in the widescreen process CinemaScope, has its world premiere at the Roxy Theater in New York.
1972: “The Bob Newhart Show” premieres on CBS.
1977: Maria Callas, the American-born prima donna famed for her lyric soprano and fiery temperament, dies in Paris at age 53.
1982: The massacre of between 1,200 and 1,400 Palestinian men, women and children at the hands of Israeli- allied Christian Phalange militiamen begins in west Beirut’s Sabra and Shatila refugee camps.
1987: Two dozen countries sign the Mon- treal Protocol, a treaty designed to save the Earth’s ozone layer by calling on nations to reduce emissions of harmful chemicals by the year 2000.
1988: Andrea Dukakis, daughter of Democratic presidential nominee Michael Dukakis, makes a whirlwind campaign stop in Mahoning and Trumbull counties.
Dr. Bruce Rothschild, a Youngstown rheumatologist, writes in the Journal of Rheumatology that rheumatoid arthritis originated in the New World, based on his examination of native American remains dating from 3,000 to 5,000 years ago.
The Democratic controlled House, siding with the powerful gun lobby, rejects a proposed nationwide seven-day waiting period for handgun purchases that had the support of President Reagan and many law enforcement officials.
1973: Assembly of the sporty Cosworth Vega and, later, a rotary-engined Vega, at the General Motors Lordstown complex are attracting considerable business attention because both are likely to develop some important new technology.
Youngstown area veterans say they will go to court if necessary to block any attempt to move the “Man on the Monument” as part of a Central Square renovation.
Carmen Roman, 18, of Oak Street, Youngstown, is crowned “Miss Borinquen 1974” during a dance at the Ukrainian Hall. Members of her court are Lilian Santiago, Arlene Burgos, Lucy Hernandez and Rachel and Cynthia Lopez.
1963: The Rev. A.D. King, brother of the national integration leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., and A. Phillip Randolph, president of the Sleeping Car Porters Union, will speak at Stambaugh Auditorium.
Verna Buffington, 7, eager to deliver her mother’s cake to a bake sale at Holy Family Church, darts into the path of a slow-moving car on Route 224. She is treated and released for bruises at South Side Hospital.
A large liquor still that police had planned to raid within days, explodes in the basement of a house at 1142 Brittain St., causing $2,000 damage.
1938: Geneva College defeats the Youngstown College grid team 12-6 before 9,000 fans in the stands of South High stadium for the first game in YoCo’s history. Geneva’s winning touchdown was carried over the line by a Youngstown boy, “By” Morgan Jr.
A city-owned building at Wood and Watt streets formerly used by the Mahoning County Relief Administration, will serve as temporary police headquarters while a new city building is under construction.
Ohio Bell Telephone Co. unveils plans for a new office and exchange building in Salem that will allow for the installation of dial service for Salem and vicinity.