Today is Sunday, Sept. 15, the 258th day of 2013. There are 107 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1776: British forces occupy New York City during the American Revolution.
1789: The U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs is renamed the Department of State.
1857: William Howard Taft — who would later serve as president of the United States and as U.S. chief justice — is born in Cincinnati, Ohio.
1862: Confederate forces capture Harpers Ferry, Va., during the Civil War.
1887: The city of Philadelphia launches a three-day celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Constitution of the United States.
1935: The Nuremberg Laws deprive German Jews of their citizenship.
1940: During the World War II Battle of Britain, the tide turns as the Royal Air Force inflicts heavy losses against the Luftwaffe.
1942: During World War II, the aircraft carrier USS Wasp is torpedoed by a Japanese submarine; the U.S. Navy ends up sinking the badly damaged vessel.
1950: During the Korean conflict, United Nations forces land at Incheon in the south and begin their drive toward Seoul.
1954: As raucous fans look on, Marilyn Monroe films the famous billowing-skirt scene for “The Seven Year Itch” over a Lexington Ave. subway grate in Manhattan (however, little, if any, of the footage ends up in the movie; the scene was later reshot on a Hollywood set).
1963: Four black girls are killed when a bomb goes off during Sunday services at the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Ala. (Three Ku Klux Klansmen are eventually convicted for their roles in the blast.)
1972: A federal grand jury in Washington indicts seven men in connection with the Watergate break-in.
1982: The first edition of USA Today is published.
2008: On Wall Street, the Dow Jones industrial average falls 504.48 points, or 4.42 percent, to 10,917.51 while oil closed below $100 a barrel for the first time in six months amid upheaval in the financial industry as Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. filed for bankruptcy protection and Merrill Lynch & Co. was sold to Bank of America.
2012: Four days after the deadly attack on a U.S. diplomatic outpost in Benghazi, Libya, al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula calls for more attacks on U.S. embassies. The State Department orders non essential government personnel and family members to leave its embassies in Sudan and Tunisia and warns U.S. citizens against traveling to the two countries.
1988: Hermitage commissioners vote 4-1 to reject a request that they place a nonbinding referendum on the November ballot that would oppose construction of a $7.5 million shopping complex on 20 acres of the former Westinghouse Recreation Center.
Douglas A. Burkhart, superintendent of the Mahoning County Board of Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, attacks state efforts to block the moving of 15 retarded people into three group homes in Boardman.
Jordan Tsvetkoff, a 15-year-old Canfield sophomore, receives his Boy Scout Eagle award at a court of honor at Canfield Methodist Church.
1973: Edward Koch, 53, of Sharpsville, Pa., is injured when his homemade airplane, “Baby Ace,” crashes after takeoff near Obermiyer Road in Brookfield.
The Rev. Edward Stanton, president of the Senate of Priests of the Youngstown Diocese, releases a resolution supporting a boycott of grapes and lettuce that have been harvested by nonunion workers.
Boots Bell, WHOT Radio disc jockey, will open the Newton Falls observance of National Hunting and Fishing Day at the City Park.
1963: Donald W. Grove, 37, kills himself in the driveway of a Trinity Church Road home near Lisbon 12 hours after he shot and killed Mrs. Beatrice Knight, 32, and her son, Thomas, 15, in their Youngstown home.
With the federal government funding $15 billion a year on research, U.S. Rep. Michael J. Kirwan wonders how so many things were invented in the past without help from Uncle Sam.
Twelve of the nation’s 16 Republican governors, including James Rhodes of Ohio, meet in Denver, Colo., to discuss their strategy for defeating Democrats in 1964.
1938: Mahoning County commissioners meet in Cleveland with Sen. Robert J. Bulkley Jr. to try to get the county WPA quota increased by 1,000 jobs.
About 8,000 fans are expecte d to attend the first football game by Youngstown College as the team meets Geneva College at South High Stadium.
Youngstown Mayor Lionel Evans announces plans to make eight promotional appointments in the fire department and two in the police department.