Today is Sunday, Sept. 8, the 251st day of 2013. There are 114 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1565: A Spanish expedition establishes the first permanent European settlement in North America at present-day St. Augustine, Fla.
1761: Britain’s King George III marries Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz just a few hours after meeting her for the first time.
1892: An early version of “The Pledge of Allegiance,” written by Francis Bellamy, appears in “The Youth’s Companion.”
1900: Galveston, Texas, is struck by a hurricane that kills an estimated 8,000 people.
1913: The Victor Herbert operetta “Sweethearts” opens on Broadway.
1921: Margaret Gorman, 16, of Washington, D.C., is crowned the first “Miss America” in Atlantic City, N.J.
1935: Sen. Huey P. Long, D-La., is shot and mortally wounded inside the Louisiana State Capitol; he dies two days later. (The assailant is identified as Dr. Carl Weiss, who was gunned down by Long’s bodyguards.)
1941: The 900-day Siege of Leningrad by German forces begins during World War II.
1943: During World War II, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower announces Italy’s surrender; Nazi Germany denounces Italy’s decision as a cowardly act.
1951: A peace treaty with Japan is signed by 49 nations in San Francisco.
1974: President Gerald R. Ford grants an unconditional pardon to former President Richard Nixon.
1988: Two nuclear-missile rocket motors are destroyed at an army ammunition plant in Karnack, Texas; they are the first U.S. weapons to be eliminated under an arms reduction treaty with the Soviet Union.
1994: A USAir Boeing 737 crashes into a ravine as it approaches Pittsburgh International Airport, killing all 132 people on board.
2012: Strong storms pummel the East Coast, spawning a pair of tornadoes in the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, while temperatures at Washington Dulles International Airport plunge 25 degrees in one hour, falling from 89 degrees to 64.
1988: Miami industrialist Victor Posner, whose holdings include Sharon Steel Corp., is accused by the SEC of scheming with Drexel Burnham Lambert, one of Wall Street’s most powerful firms, to manipulate the prices of stocks.
Niles City Council reaffirms its intent to provide services and commercial zoning for 36 acres of Howland Township land that would be annexed to the city for a $20 million plaza on Route 46.
Campbell Mayor James J. Vargo says he’ll order water service cut off to any city customer who owes more than $150 or is more than six months delinquent in paying water bills.
1973: In its first night football game in a year, Sharon High School loses to New Castle, 6-0. After incidents of violence marred the opening game in the 1972 season, the rest of Sharon’s home games were played on Saturday afternoons.
Mahoning County Common Pleas Judge Clyde W. Osborne orders all striking Youngstown teachers and noncertificated personnel to return to the classroom or be found in contempt of court.
Common Pleas Judge Forrest J. Cavalier issues a temporary restraining order barring the Campbell Board of Education from hiring teachers to replace the 109 striking teachers who were fired under the state’s Ferguson Act.
1963: Many segments of the U.S. economy seem headed higher for the rest of 1963, heralding better times for industrial areas such as Youngstown, writes George R. Reiss, The Vindicator’s industrial editor.
Sixty new Youngstown public school teachers are welcomed at the annual teacher orientation breakfast hosted by the Youngstown Education Association.
Friends from all over the world are gathering in Youngstown to help Mr. and Mrs. Harry Burdman celebrate their 35th wedding anniversary.
1938: The Warren Steam Laundry at S. Park Avenue and Franklin Street, directly across from the central fire station, suffers $10,000 in damage when fire sweeps through the building.
Youngstown College will have the largest freshman class in history with 300 applications received by first-year students.
Ohio law sets amounts candidates may spend in the quest for political office, but they are being routinely violated. For instance, the law allows a candidate for governor to spend $5,000, but campaigners for Gov. Martin L. Davey spent $8,000 in Mahoning County alone.