Today is Sunday, Oct. 27, the 300th day of 2013. There are 65 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1787: The first of the Federalist Papers, a series of essays calling for ratification of the United States Constitution, is published under the pseudonym “Publius” (the essays were a collaborative effort by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay).
1795: The United States and Spain sign the Treaty of San Lorenzo (also known as Pinckney’s Treaty), which provides for free navigation of the Mississippi River.
1858: The 26th president of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, is born in New York City.
1880: Theodore Roosevelt marries his first wife, Alice Lee.
1904: The first rapid transit subway, the IRT, is inaugurated in New York City.
1938: Du Pont announces a name for its new synthetic yarn: “nylon.”
1947: “You Bet Your Life,” starring Groucho Marx, premieres on ABC Radio. (It later becomes a television show on NBC.)
1962: During the Cuban Missile Crisis, a U-2 reconnaissance aircraft is shot down while flying over Cuba, killing the pilot, U.S. Air Force Maj. Rudolf Anderson Jr.
1971: The Democratic Republic of Congo is renamed the Republic of Zaire (but it goes back to its previous name in 1997).
1978: Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin are named winners of the Nobel Peace Prize for their progress toward achieving a Middle East accord.
1992: Petty Officer Allen Schindler, a gay U.S. Navy sailor, is beaten to death near Sasebo Naval Base in southwestern Japan by shipmate Terry Helvey, who pleaded guilty to murder and was sentenced to life in prison.
2001: In Washington, the search for deadly anthrax widens to thousands of businesses and 30 mail distribution centers.
2003: Suicide bombers in Baghdad strike Red Cross headquarters and three police stations, killing dozens of people.
Rod Roddy, announcer on “The Price is Right,” dies in Los Angeles at age 66.
2008: Alaska Sen. Ted Stevens is convicted in Washington of seven corruption charges for lying about free home renovations and other gifts from a wealthy oil contractor. (A judge later dismissed the case, saying prosecutors had withheld evidence that might have been favorable to Stevens at trial.)
1988: Douglas A. Fraser, former president of the United Auto Workers, speaking as a Skeggs Lecturer at Youngstown State University, says labor-management cooperation is here to stay in the U.S. auto industry.
Youngstown City Council approves spending $60,000 to begin construction of a 6.8-acre park along the banks of the Mahoning River near the former B&O Railroad station.
Several residents at a public meeting to discuss sex education in public schools tell the Trumbull County Board of Education that Judeo-Christian values should be incorporated in any sex-education curriculum.
1973: Two Mercer County men, members of the Breed motorcycle gang, are being held in Mercer County jail for questioning in the murder of a 20-year-old Florida man whose body was found in a shallow grave on a Shenango Township farm.
Ginny Shorten, United Appeal’s first woman campaign leader, reports $1.85 million is raised, or 97 percent of the $1.9 million goal.
Atty. Clarence L. Robinson, 81, one of Youngs-town’s leading citizens who gave decades of service to civic and religious organizations, dies in Park Vista Nursing Home.
1963: A thousand women stage a march through Youngstown asking voters to invest in the future by supporting a 3-mill operating levy on the November ballot.
The state patrol, Mahoning sheriff’s deputies, New Middletown firemen and neighbors mount a search for 21/2-year-old Nancy Gates, who followed her dog away from home and was missing for three hours before being found unharmed in knee-deep mud on the shore of Evans Lake.
Warren voters will decide a $4.8 million bond issue on the November ballot that would finance the building of a second high school in the city.
1938: Members of St. Paul’s Lutheran Church on Funston Street are negotiation for the purchase of the Strouss property at Fifth Avenue and Caroline Street, next to Stambaugh Auditorium as the site of a new church.
Lucius B. McKelvey, president of the G.M. Mc- Kelvey Co., in a radio address on WKBN urges the audience to vote for the school levy on the November ballot.
A field fire covering more than 1,000 acres and endangering dozens of Boardman homes defies the efforts of firemen but is extinguished by a fortuitous drenching rain.