Today is Thursday, Oct. 17, the 290th day of 2013. There are 75 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1610: French King Louis XIII, age 9, is crowned at Reims, five months after the assassination of his father, Henry IV.
1711: Jupiter Hammon, the first black poet to have his work published in America, is born on Long Island, N.Y., into a lifetime of slavery.
1777: British forces under Gen. John Burgoyne surrender to American troops in Saratoga, N.Y., in a turning point of the Revolutionary War.
1807: Britain declares it will continue to reclaim British-born sailors from American ships and ports regardless of whether they hold U.S. citizenship.
1912: Pope John Paul I is born Albino Luciani at Forno di Canale, Italy.
1931: Mobster Al Capone is convicted of income tax evasion. (Sentenced to 11 years in prison, Capone is released in 1939.)
1933: Albert Einstein arrives in the United States as a refugee from Nazi Germany.
1941: The U.S. destroyer Kearny is damaged by a German torpedo off the coast of Iceland; 11 people die.
1961: French police attack Algerians protesting a curfew in Paris. (The resulting death toll varies widely, with some estimates of up to 200.)
1987: First lady Nancy Reagan undergoes a modified radical mastectomy at Bethesda Naval Hospital in Maryland.
1989: An earthquake measuring 7.1 on the Richter scale strikes northern California, killing 63 people and causing $6 billion worth of damage.
1992: Japanese exchange student Yoshi Hattori is fatally shot by Rodney Peairs in Baton Rouge, La., after Hattori and his American host mistakenly knocked on Peairs’ door while looking for a Halloween party. (Peairs was acquitted of manslaughter, but in a civil trial was ordered to pay more than $650,000 to Hattori’s family.)
1988: Warren Patrolman Lawrence Salvato, 36, is in Trumbull Memorial Hospital with a head injury suffered while trying to break up a bar fight at Kracker Jack’s Lounge.
Weathersfield Township trustees are going to court to try to block the annexation of three acres on Youngstown-Warren Road to the city of Niles.
Joe Sobinovsky of Austintown is walking the 2,134-mile Appalachian Trail, from Georgia to Maine.
1973: The bullet-punctured body of Eugene Wibly, 26, of Canfield is found in a lane leading to the Whippoorwill Tavern in Austintown, the fifth slaying in the township in 1973.
Youngstown police and Mahoning County sheriff’s deputies arrest four men believed to be behind a large-scale football pool operation headquartered in Leetonia.
The U.S. Supreme Court is weighing the constitutionality of school board rules requiring pregnant teachers to go on leave months before childbirth. The Cleveland school board requires teachers to begin maternity leave after the fourth month of pregnancy.
1963: Third Ward Councilman James A. Pastore accuses water Commissioner Joseph Beraduce of working an outside job on city time. Beraduce says his job as paymaster for a downtown store never takes more than 14 hours a week and he does that work in the evenings and weekend.
Members of the Youngs-town Junior Chamber of Commerce will wash 64 windows in 27 vacant stores downtown as part of Jaycee Clean-Up, Fix-Up Day.
Gen. Alfred M. Grunenther, president of the American Red Cross, is guest speaker at Warren’s United Appeal campaign.
1938: The funeral of The Rev. Dominic A. Mielcarek, pastor of St. Stanislaus Church in Youngstown, attracts 1,200 people, including 200 priests and many nuns.
Mahoning County’s tax collection for the second half of 1937 hits 110 percent of the charge with a total of $3.2 million collected.
North and South Side units of the Youngstown Hospital and St. Elizabeth’s Hospital, as well as hospitals in Warren, East Liverpool, Alliance and Salem, are among the 2,664 in the United States approved by the American College of Surgeons.