Today is Thursday, Oct. 10, the 283rd day of 2013. There are 82 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1845: The U.S. Naval Academy is established in Annapolis, Md.
1911: Chinese revolutionaries launch an uprising that leads to the collapse of the Qing (or Manchu) Dynasty and the establishment of the Republic of China.
California voters approve Proposition 4, giving women the right to vote, and Proposition 7, which establishes the initiative process for proposing and enacting new laws.
1913: The Panama Canal is effectively completed as President Woodrow Wilson sends a signal from the White House by telegraph, setting off explosives that destroy a section of the Gamboa dike.
1935: The George Gershwin opera “Porgy and Bess,” featuring an all-black cast, opens on Broadway; it runs for 124 performances.
1938: Nazi Germany completes its annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland.
1943: Chiang Kai-shek takes the oath of office as president of China.
1957: President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after the official was refused seating in a Howard Johnson’s restaurant near Dover, Del.
1967: The Outer Space Treaty, prohibiting the placing of weapons of mass destruction on the moon or elsewhere in space, enters into force.
1970: Quebec Labor Minister Pierre Laporte is kidnapped by the Quebec Liberation Front, a militant separatist group. (Laporte’s body was found a week later.)
Fiji becomes independent after nearly a century of British rule.
1973: Vice President Spiro T. Agnew, accused of accepting bribes, pleads no contest to one count of federal income tax evasion, and resigns his office.
1982: Father Maximilian Kolbe, who died in the Auschwitz Nazi concentration camp, is canonized by Pope John Paul II.
1985: U.S. fighter jets force an Egyptian plane carrying the hijackers of the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro to land in Italy, where the gunmen are taken into custody.
1988: Youngstown is being considered as one of four or five sites for a pilot project that will try to ensure that more people have access to health care insurance.
George Brown, chief of the Howland Township Fire Department, says the accent during Fire Safety Week will be on encouraging people to get smoke detectors: “A Sound You Can Live With.”
Warren’s year-old Atrium Club on Courthouse Square is now a private club designed as a meeting place for Valley business leaders.
1973: Alexander B. Brown, 51, operator of a trucking firm and the Canfield Speedway, is killed when his single-engine airplane crashes in a dense fog near the Wisconsin-Michigan border about 2 miles from his destination.
J. Charles Abernathy is appointed manager of the General Motors Assembly Division’s Vega and van truck plants at Lordstown.
The Governor’s Award for Community Action is presented to Youngstown Atty. Carl A. Nunziato by Gov. John J. Gilligan during ceremonies at Wade Park Veterans Hospital in Cleveland.
1963: Youngstown Mayor Harry Savasten milks a cow in Central Square to help call attention to the city-farm drive-yourself tour sponsored by the Youngstown Junior Chamber of Commerce.
Benjamin Salman, 67-year-old operator of the Parmalee Market, is in fair condition in St. Elizabeth Hospital after being shot twice in the neck by a robber.
The Youngstown-Warren district no longer is eligible for federal assistance under the accelerated public-works program because of improvement in employment.
1938: The Warren YWCA swimming pool is making the Y one of the most popular places for fun for young and old.
The Very Rev. Joseph T. Trainor, pastor of St. Columba Church for 15 years and dean of Youngstown’s Catholic clergy, is honored by nearly 1,500 people during a civic reception at Stambaugh Auditorium.
Youngstown motorists are finding it easier to park in the downtown area after 570 parking meters go into operation.