Today is Friday, Oct. 4, the 277th day of 2013. There are 88 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1777: Gen. George Washington’s troops launch an assault on the British at Germantown, Pa., resulting in heavy American casualties.
1822: The 19th president of the United States, Rutherford B. Hayes, is born in Delaware, Ohio.
1861: During the Civil War, the United States Navy authorizes construction of the first ironclad ship, the USS Monitor.
1887: The International Herald Tribune has its beginnings as the Paris Herald, a European edition of the New York Herald.
1931: The comic strip “Dick Tracy,” created by Chester Gould, makes its debut.
1940: Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini confer at Brenner Pass in the Alps.
1957: The Space Age begins as the Soviet Union launches Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, into orbit.
James R. Hoffa is elected president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters.
The family comedy series “Leave It to Beaver” premieres on CBS.
1958: The first trans-Atlantic passenger jetliner service is begun by the British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) with flights between London and New York.
1988: Nine school districts in Mahoning, Trumbull and Columbiana counties receive a total of $13.3 million in emergency loans from the state controlling board. The districts are Youngstown, South Range, Columbiana Exempted Village, Beaver Local, East Palestine, Warren, Howland, Girard and Maplewood.
Mahoning County Democratic Party Chairman Don L. Hanni Jr. takes over the reins of the foundering Michael Dukakis campaign in the county and is hoping to develop a Mahoning Valley-wide effort.
1973: Copperweld Corp. of Pittsburgh approves a $10.9 million air pollution control project for its specialty steel plant in Warren.
The Youngstown City School District’s calendar will be revised for the year to make up for 10 days when schools were officially closed due to the teacher strike; teacher pay will be docked for six days when schools were open with substitutes in the classrooms.
Youngstown City Council passes legislation requiring all bicycle sales outlets in the city to issue bicycle registration tags.
1963: The 1963 Central YMCA membership drive proves the most successful in history, with $113,717 raised, exceeding the $110,000 goal.
Special Sunday boat cruises are scheduled on Lakes Newport and Glacier in Mill Creek Park so that residents can get a view of the fall beauty, which is reaching its peak in the district.
Mary Ann Loncar, a junior at Youngstown University, is elected 1963 Homecoming Queen.
1938: Three bars of the cell in which Phil Sheridan was held while awaiting trial were found to have been partially sawed through, Sheriff Ralph Elser says. Sheridan was acquitted in the $2,900 Palace Grill robbery.
October opens with steel production in the Mahoning Valley at 53 percent of capacity as Republic Steel lights a 7th open hearth.
At a meeting of the Trumbull County VFW Council in Girard, U.S. Rep. Michael J. Kirwan pledges his support for construction of a veterans hospital in northeastern Ohio.