Today is Tuesday, Nov. 19, the 323rd day of 2013. There are 42 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1600: King Charles I of England is born in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland.
1794: The United States and Britain sign Jay’s Treaty, which resolves some issues left over from the Revolutionary War.
1831: The 20th president of the United States, James Garfield, is born in Orange Township, Ohio.
1863: President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address as he dedicates a national cemetery at the site of the Civil War battlefield in Pennsylvania.
1887: American poet Emma Lazarus, who’d written “The New Colossus” to help raise money for the Statue of Liberty’s pedestal, dies in New York at age 38.
1919: The Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles by a vote of 55 in favor, 39 against, short of the two-thirds majority needed for ratification.
1942: During World War II, Russian forces launch their winter offensive against the Germans along the Don front.
1969: Apollo 12 astronauts Charles Conrad and Alan Bean make the second manned landing on the moon.
1977: Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to visit Israel.
1985: President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev meet for the first time as they begin their summit in Geneva.
1990: The pop duo Milli Vanilli is stripped of its Grammy Award because other singers had lent their voices to the “Girl You Know It’s True” album.
1997: Iowa seamstress Bobbi McCaughey gives birth to septuplets, four boys and three girls.
2001: President George W. Bush signs legislation to put airport baggage screeners on the federal payroll.
2003: During his state visit to London, President Bush urges Europe to put aside bitter war disagreements with the United States and work to build democracy in Iraq or risk turning the nation over to terrorists.
2008: Al-Qaida’s No. 2, Ayman al-Zawahri, slurs Barack Obama as a black American who does the bidding of whites in a new Web message intended to dent the president-elect’s popularity among Arabs and Muslims.
The Dow Jones industrial average closes under 8,000 at 7,997.28 — the lowest close since March 2003.
Drama and dance critic Clive Barnes died in New York at age 81.
1988: Seventeen of the Mahoning Valley’s 5,000 farmers receive delinquency notices from the Farmer’s Home Administration in a national program giving debt ridden farmers a chance to restructure their loans and avoid foreclosure.
Trumbull County Common Pleas Judge Robert A. Nader orders the Brookfield Board of Education to bus 18 Brookfield youngsters to a Catholic school in Hubbard.
Elder Clarence Jackson of Youngstown is installed as pastor of Holy Trinity Church of God in Christ in Akron.
1973: Michael Kacenga scores three touchdowns as Woodrow Wilson High School comes back against North to win 18-12 and to force a three-way tie in the City Series championship between Chaney, East and North.
The United Auto Workers and General Motors Corp. reach agreement on a new contract, averting a strike, says Tony Zone, president of Local 1112 at the Lordstown Vega plant.
Lee D. Kepner of Warren, a former state representative and superintendent of Newton Falls schools, is in serious condition in Trumbull Memorial Hospital after being struck by a car while crossing Laird Avenue.
1963: Donald D. Heffelfinger, secretary and chief engineer of the Mahoning Valley Sanitary District, says the long drought will force the MVSD to buy more water from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers from Berlin Reservoir and may boost wholesale water rates in Youngstown, Niles and other communities.
A 350-spot pay parking lot opens at Youngstown Municipal Airport operated by Ohio Sportservice Co.
Construction of Youngs-town Sheet & Tube Co.’s new $5 million research center in Boardman is running well ahead of schedule, says Dr. Karl L. Fetters, vice president for research and development.
1938: Gertrude Martin, 24, of S. Watt Street, dies in the city jail of injuries suffered in a knife fight with another woman in a rooming house operated by Mr. and Mrs. John Houser, where both were roomers.
Chaney High School wins the city scholastic football championship for the third straight year, defeating East High, 17-0, before 7,500 fans, most of whom came to see Chaney’s fleet halfback, Frank Sinkwich.
Mrs. Stanley Johnson of New Castle, Pa., gives birth to triplets, a boy weighing 5 pounds, 5 ounces, and two girls, one weighing 5 pounds, 2 ounces and one 4 pounds, 14 ounces.