Today is Tuesday, Nov. 12, the 316th day of 2013. There are 49 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1918: The short-lived Republic of German-Austria is declared.
1927: Josef Stalin becomes the undisputed ruler of the Soviet Union as Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Communist Party.
1936: The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge opens as President Franklin D. Roosevelt presses a telegraph key in Washington, D.C., giving the green light to traffic.
1942: The World War II naval Battle of Guadalcanal begins. (The Allies end up winning a major victory over Japanese forces.)
1948: Former Japanese premier Hideki Tojo and several other World War II Japanese leaders are sentenced to death by a war crimes tribunal.
1969: News of the My Lai Massacre in South Vietnam in March 1968 is broken by investigative reporter Seymour Hersh.
1977: The city of New Orleans elects its first black mayor, Ernest “Dutch” Morial, the winner of a runoff.
1988: Cynthia Lowe Abbas, a 26-year-old bride from Canfield, is shot to death while on her honeymoon in Florida. Her husband, Kareem Abbas, 22, is charged with murder.
Health Maintenance Plan announces that it will not renew its medical coverage of 1,400 Youngstown area workers and retirees of LTV Steel, Warren Consolidated Industries and Wean Industries because the cost of the coverage exceeds the premiums paid.
A $324,000 chapel building named in honor of Dr. John McDonough, a local physician and connoisseur of art, will be built by the Catholic Diocese of Youngstown at its new Resurrection Cemetery on Raccoon Road.
1973: Howland Township police say burglars escaped with jewelry valued at $43,250 from the Chalfonte Place home of Benjamin E. Medley.
Nearly 1,000 people line W. Federal Street for Youngstown’s annual Veterans Day parade, despite temperatures in the low-30s.
D. Roy Mellon, 77, who held health commissioner, acting health commissioner and city chemist posts over 50 years in the Youngstown Health Department, dies at Park Vista Nursing Home.
1963: Youngstown officially honors its war veterans with a downtown parade watched by an estimated 20,000 people.
Nine passengers and three crew members escape injury when a Lake Central Airlines twin-engined plane makes an emergency landing at Youngstown Municipal Airport with a broken landing gear. Capt. Dan Haas heard something break as he took off from Erie and opted to land at Youngstown because of its longer runways.
A 26-year-old Penn Avenue man found hiding in an East Side garage is charged with second degree manslaughter in the hit-skip death of James A. Wakeland, 61, who was struck on the McGuffey Road Bridge.
1938: The largest crowd ever, 50,000 people, turns out for Youngstown’s 20th annual Armistice Day parade.
Edgar T. Smith, 75, a Youngstown boy who went to New York and became a hotelier catering to Broadway stars before returning to the city in his declining years, dies at the home of his sister, Mrs. Ralph T. Prall, 841 Ohio Ave.
South High’s football team avenges its 1937 defeat at the hands of East Liverpool High with an upset of the Potters, 13-7, at East Liverpool.