Today is Sunday, Nov. 10, the 314th day of 2013. There are 51 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1775: The U.S. Marines are organized under authority of the Continental Congress.
1871: Journalist-explorer Henry M. Stanley finds Scottish missionary David Livingstone, who had not been heard from for years, near Lake Tanganyika in central Africa.
1919: The American Legion opens its first national convention in Minneapolis.
1928: Japanese Emperor Hirohito is formally enthroned, almost two years after his ascension.
1938: Kate Smith first sings Irving Berlin’s “God Bless America” on her CBS radio program.
Turkish statesman Mustafa Kemal Ataturk dies in Istanbul at age 57.
1942: Winston Churchill delivers a speech in London in which he says, “I have not become the King’s First Minister to preside over the liquidation of the British Empire.”
1951: Customer-dialed long-distance telephone service begins as Mayor M. Leslie Denning of Englewood, N.J., calls Alameda, Calif., Mayor Frank Osborne without operator assistance.
1954: The U.S. Marine Corps Memorial, depicting the raising of the American flag on Iwo Jima in 1945, is dedicated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in Arlington, Va.
1961: The satirical war novel “Catch-22” by Joseph Heller is first published by Simon & Schuster.
1969: The children’s educational program “Sesame Street” debuts on National Educational Television (later PBS).
1972: Three armed men hijack Southern Airways Flight 49, a DC-9 with 24 other passengers on board during a stopover in Birmingham, Ala., and demand $10 million in ransom. (The 30-hour ordeal, which involves landings in nine U.S. cities and Toronto, finally ends with a second landing in Cuba, where the hijackers are taken into custody by Cuban authorities.)
1975: The ore-hauling ship SS Edmund Fitzgerald and its crew of 29 mysteriously sink during a storm in Lake Superior with the loss of all on board.
1982: The newly finished Vietnam Veterans Memorial is opened to its first visitors in Washington, D.C., three days before its dedication.
Soviet leader Leonid I. Brezhnev dies at age 75.
1988: The Mahoning County Board of Elections reports that 123,745 of the county’s 171,159 registered voters went to the polls in a presidential election that saw Vice President George Bush defeat Mass. Gov. Michael Dukakis nationally.
Dr. William C. Binning announces that he is calling it quits after nine years as chairman of the Republican Party in Mahoning County.
James Kiriazis is elected president of the board of directors of the Mahoning County Transitional Homes.
1973: An inch and a half of snow falls on Youngstown and its suburbs causing some 100 minor accidents.
The St. John’s Girls Octet of Warren returns from seven weeks of traveling across southern Alaska. They include: Chariessa Malacky, Janet Maksimofff, Deborah Malacky, Marilyn Augusta, Claudia Maksimoff, Janet Augusta and Judy Augusta.
Jim Richburg smashes over from the four and then runs for the two-point conversion, hoisting Warren Harding to a 22-21 victory over Niles McKinley in an All-American Conference clash.
1963: Long-awaited rains finally arrive to ease the Mahoning Valley’s acute drought and water shortage.
Spurred by the “technological explosion” in American industry, district steel mills and other industries are stepping up their interest in and support of higher education.
Liberace, the popular pianist famed for his candelabra and dazzling wardrobe, will appear at a Monday Musical Club concert at Stambaugh Auditorium.
1938: Mayor Lionel Evans says the city will fight an appeals court decision awarding city police and firemen a restoration of pay cuts for 1932 through 1934 in the amount of more than $66,000.
Three Youngstown neighborhoods and Boardman Township vote to ban the sale of hard liquor and beer, but Austintown Township, scene of a long fight over local option, votes overwhelmingly wet.
Thanks to a bill signed by Gov. Martin L. Davey, Lewis Kindler, victorious Republican candidate for Mahoning County commissioner, will receive a salary of $3,730 when he takes office in January, 56 percent higher than the two incumbents, Fred A. Wagner and Henry C. Brandmiller, are paid.