Today is Saturday, Nov. 9, the 313th day of 2013. There are 52 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1620: The passengers and crew of the Mayflower sight Cape Cod.
1872: Fire destroys nearly 800 buildings in Boston.
1918: It is announced that Germany’s Kaiser Wilhelm II will abdicate. He then flees to the Netherlands.
1938: Nazis loot and burn synagogues as well as Jewish-owned stores and houses in Germany and Austria in a pogrom that becomes known as “Kristallnacht.”
1953: Welsh author-poet Dylan Thomas dies in New York at age 39.
1961: U.S. Air Force Maj. Robert M. White becomes the first pilot to fly an X-15 rocket plane at six times the speed of sound.
The Beatles’ future manager, Brian Epstein, first sees the group perform at The Cavern Club in Liverpool, England.
1963: Twin disasters strike Japan as some 450 miners are killed in a coal-dust explosion, and about 160 people die in a train crash.
1965: The great Northeast blackout occurs as a series of power failures lasting up to 131/2 hours leave 30 million people in seven states and part of Canada without electricity.
1967: A Saturn V rocket carrying an unmanned Apollo spacecraft blasts off from Cape Kennedy on a successful test flight.
1970: Former French President Charles de Gaulle dies at age 79.
1976: The U.N. General Assembly approves resolutions condemning apartheid in South Africa, including one characterizing the white-ruled government as “illegitimate.”
1989: Communist East Germany throws open its borders, allowing citizens to travel freely to the West; joyous Germans dance atop the Berlin Wall.
2003: Comic actor Art Carney, best known for his role in “The Honeymooners,” dies in Chester, Conn., at age 85.
1988: Atty. Charles E. “Chip” Henry of Burton, a 30-year-old Republican, ends the 16-year record of state Sen. Thomas Carney, D-Girard.
Atty. Beth Smith makes political history by becoming the first woman to be elected judge in Mahoning County.
All 43 congressmen from Ohio and Pennsylvania on the ballot are re-elected.
Mahoning County Sheriff Edward P. Nemeth wins re-election over a challenge by Terrence Shidel, Canfield police chief.
James A. Philomena defeats Mahoning County Prosecutor Gary Van Brocklin.
1973: To conserve fuel, state vehicles will drive no more than 60 mph except under emergency conditions, Gov. John J. Gilligan orders.
Youngstown Mayor Jack C. Hunter orders the city law department to explore possible legal action against Ashland Oil Co. to guarantee the city adequate diesel fuel to maintain city services.
Dr. Jack C. Wilke, a member of the executive committee of the National Right to Life Committee, tells 500 people at Powers Auditorium that the Supreme Court opened “Pandora’s Box” with its ruling legalizing abortion on demand.
1963: An unmasked gunman enters Jake’s Place, 718 N. State St., Girard, and escapes with $4,700 on hand to cash checks for workers at nearby plants.
Mahoning County Juvenile Court Judge Harold S. Rickert Sr., orders a 16-year-old Kenmore Avenue youth to permanent commitment at the Ohio youth center in Columbus, saying that being drunk did not excuse the youth from breaking into a 68-year-old woman’s house and punching her in the stomach.
Thomas Weisman, 16, of 1617 Ford Ave. is a delegate to the National Youth Conference on the Atom at Chicago after scoring highest in exams sponsored by Ohio Edison Co.
1938: Lodge 403, International Order of Odd Fellows in Youngstown, observes its 70 th anniversary.
Democratic Congressman Michael J. Kirwan retains his 19th District congressional seat in a close race with Republican William P. Barnum. Kirwan’s Mahoning County vote overcame a Trumbull County plurality for Barnum.
In a sweeping GOP victory, John W. Bricker is elected Ohio’s new governor and Robert A. Taft is elected to the U.S. Senate.