Today is Monday, Nov. 4, the 308th day of 2013. There are 57 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1862: Inventor Richard J. Gatling receives a U.S. patent for his rapid-fire Gatling gun.
1884: Democrat Grover Cleveland is elected to his first term as president, defeating Republican James G. Blaine.
1922: The entrance to King Tutankhamen’s tomb is discovered in Egypt.
1924: Nellie T. Ross of Wyoming is elected the nation’s first female governor to serve out the remaining term of her late husband, William B. Ross.
1939: The United States modifies its neutrality stance in World War II, allowing “cash and carry” purchases of arms by belligerents, a policy favoring Britain and France.
1942: During World War II, Axis forces retreat from El Alamein in North Africa in a major victory for British forces commanded by Lt. Gen. Bernard Montgomery.
1952: Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected president, defeating Democrat Adlai Stevenson.
The highly secretive National Security Agency comes into existence.
1979: The Iran hostage crisis begins as militants storm the United States Embassy in Tehran, seizing its occupants; for some, it is the start of 444 days of captivity.
1980: Ronald Reagan wins the White House as he defeats President Jimmy Carter by a strong margin.
19987: Six-year-old Elizabeth (Lisa) Steinberg is pronounced dead at a New York City hospital in a child-abuse case that sparks national outrage; her illegal adoptive father, Joel Steinberg, serves nearly 17 years behind bars for manslaughter.
1991: Ronald Reagan opens his presidential library in Simi Valley, Calif.; in attendance are President George H.W. Bush and former Presidents Jimmy Carter, Gerald R. Ford and Richard Nixon — the first- ever gathering of five past and present U.S. chief executives.
1995: Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated by a right-wing Israeli minutes after attending a festive peace rally.
1988: Residents at a Green Township trustees meeting are united in their opposition to large land purchases by Browning-Ferris Industries, but split on whether accepting an ambulance from the waste hauler would compromise the township.
For the sixth consecutive year, the Youngstown Area United Way surpasses its goal, edging past the 1988 goal of $3 million by just $435.
Canfield has a charter amendment on the ballot designed to protect existence of its Mayor’s Court at a time when other cities are doing away with theirs.
1973: More than 100,000 Mahoning County electors, including about 50,000 from Youngstown, are expected to cast ballots in municipal, township and school board races.
The Vindicator’s straw poll indicates that Republican Mayor Jack C. Hunter will win re-election with a majority of 7,000 votes over former Mayor Anthony B. Flask, a Democrat.
Mooney running back Ted Bell rambles for four touchdowns in a 40-6 rout of Struthers to win its second Steel Valley Conference championship in three seasons.
1963: Walter Chambers, owner and operator of Chambers Machine and Welding Co. in Masury, miraculously escapes injury when an explosion heavily damaged his pick-up truck when he turned the ignition key in the driveway of his Elm Street home.
Four suspected Youngs-town dope ring transporters are arrested at the Pittsburgh Airport, and heroin valued at $15,000 is confiscated.
Coach Jack Peterson’s Canfield High gridders keep their undefeated record intact by battling back in the closing minutes to achieve a 6-6 tie with Youngstown Chaney.
1938: Edgar Herzog of Elyria testifies before the House Un-American activities C ommittee that the Communist Party, of which he was a member since 1932, claims between 30,000 and 35,000 members in Ohio and that two Youngstown men, John Steuben and Robert Burke, are among them.
Ruth Ambrose, a Youngs-town girl who has found success on New York’s Great White Way, may fly to Chicago to join a small army of stars and unknowns being screen-tested for the role of Scarlett O’Hara in “Gone with the Wind.”
Traffic Patrolmen Frank Brogley and Ray Merwin shoot the window and a tire out of a fleeing stolen car. When the car stopped at Indianola and Zedaker, two more shots were fired and one of the men fell, then got up and escaped into nearby backyards.