Today is Sunday, Nov. 3, the 307th day of 2013. There are 58 days left in the year. Daylight saving time ended at 2 a.m. local time. Clocks went back one hour.
On this date in:
1839: The first Opium War between China and Britain breaks out.
1900: The first major U.S. automobile show opens at New York’s Madison Square Garden under the auspices of the Automobile Club of America.
1903: Panama proclaims its independence from Colombia.
1911: The Chevrolet Motor Car Co. is founed in Det-roit by Louis Chevrolet and William C. Durant. (The company was acquired by General Motors in 1918.)
1936: President Franklin D. Roosevelt wins a landslide election victory over Republican challenger Alfred M. “Alf” Landon.
1957: The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 2, the second manmade satellite, into orbit; on board is a dog named Laika who is sacrificed in the experiment.
1960: The Meredith Willson musical “The Unsinkable Molly Brown” opens on Broadway with Tammy Grimes in the title role.
1961: Burmese diplomat U Thant is appointed acting U.N. Secretary-General after the death of Dag Hammarskjold.
President John F. Kennedy establishes the U.S. Agency for International Development.
1964: President Lyndon B. Johnson soundly defeats Republican Barry Goldwater to win a White House term in his own right.
1970: Salvador Allende is inaugurated as president of Chile.
1979: Five Communist Workers Party members are killed in a clash with heavily armed Ku Klux Klansmen and neo-Nazis during an anti-Klan protest in Greensboro, N.C.
1986: The Iran-Contra affair begins to come to light as Ash-Shiraa, a pro- Syrian Lebanese magazine, first breaks the story of U.S. arms sales to Iran.
1992: Democrat Bill Clinton is elected the 42nd president of the United States, defeating President George H.W. Bush. In Illinois, Democrat Carol Moseley-Braun becomes the first black woman elected to the U.S. Senate.
2003: Congress votes its final approval for $87.5 billion for U.S. military operations and aid in Iraq and Afghanistan.
2008: On Election Day eve, Democrat Barack Obama and Republican John McCain wrap up their two-year campaign for the White House.
Ali Hamza al-Bahlul, a video maker for Osama bin Laden, is sentenced at Guantanamo to life in prison for encouraging terrorist attacks.
Former White House photographer Cecil Stoughton, who took the iconic image of Lyndon Johnson taking the oath of office after President John F. Kennedy was assassinated, dies on Merritt Island, Fla. at age 88.
1988: A Browning-Ferris Industries employee’s discovery of a bag of infectious waste that included parts of a tiny fetus has led to investigation of procedures at out-of-state facilities that send waste to the Poland landfill.
Youngstown City Council is ignoring a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development warning that its Minority Business Enterprise program could be unconstitutional and transfers $100,000 to the program.
Union leaders representing Youngstown’s safety forces are disappointed with an Ohio Supreme Court ruling that binding arbitration to settle negotiating impasses is unconstitutional.
1973: An explosion and fire of undetermined origin destroys a seven-room home at 339 Sexton St., Struthers.
Anti-war lawyer William Kunstler tells 800 people at Stambaugh Auditorium that “power is dangerous and ... you cannot trust those who govern you.”
Youngstown-Warren area members of the 1973 Hiram College football team are Jeff Barbe, Jim Hideg, Don Brunetti, Frank Tokash, Joe Ohlin, Jim Friendly, Ed Handle, Tim Tinkler, Joe Jeswald and Mike Graham.
1963: The Vindicator straw poll indicates that the mayoral race between Mayor Harry Savasten and Anthony B. Flask will be the closest since 1943, when Democrat Ralph O’Neill won by eight votes over Republican Arthur H. Williams.
An armed bandit wearing a bearded Halloween mask holds up the M.F. Gerak Jewelry at 1610 Mahoning Ave., escaping with $195 in cash after pistol whipping the owner.
After two days of rain, Pennsylvania Gov. William Scranton lifts the ban on hunting in the Keystone State that was issued out of a fear of fire.
1938: A Cleveland bookie, Thomas Galati, is the fourth man found guilty by a Mahoning County jury in the murder of Roy “Happy” Marino. Judge David G. Jenkins sentences Galati to life in prison.
Construction of the link on Fifth Avenue connecting the $400,000 North Side sewer with sanitary lines downtown will be completed within three weeks, says city Engineer Albert R. Haenny.
The YMCA’s 1938 membership drive tops its goal with 2,189 new members.