Today is Thursday, May 23, the 143rd day of 2013. There are 222 days left in the year.


On this date in:

1430: Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians, who sell her to the English.

1701: William Kidd is hanged in London after he was convicted of piracy and murder.

1873: Canada’s Parliament votes to establish the North West Mounted Police force.

1934: Bank robbers Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker are shot to death in a police ambush in Bienville Parish, La.

1937: Industrialist and philanthropist John D. Rockefeller, founder of the Standard Oil Co. and the Rockefeller Foundation, dies in Ormond Beach, Fla., at age 97.

1945: Nazi official Heinrich Himmler commits suicide while imprisoned in Luneburg, Germany.

1949: The Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) is established.

1984: Surgeon General C. Everett Koop issues a report saying there was “very solid” evidence linking cigarette smoke to lung disease in non-smokers.

1993: A jury in Baton Rouge, La., acquitx Rodney Peairs of manslaughter in the shooting death of Yoshi Hattori, a Japanese exchange student he’d mistaken for an intruder.


1988: Baby Boy Doe, the newborn discovered abandoned in a restroom at Niles Waddell Park, is released after a week at Tod Children’s Hospital to the custody of the Trumbull County Children Services.

Sacred Heart of Jesus Church at 400 Lincoln Park Drive, a parish founded in 1887, plans a summer-full of activities to celebrate its 100th anniversary.

Youngstown officials slash funding for the troubled Land Bank property improvement plan because of what they call a lack of results.

1973: Speaking as a Youngstown State University Artist Lecturer at Stambaugh Auditorium, Washington Post reporter Carl Bernstein says the Committee to Re-Elect President Nixon transferred to American political campaigns the tactics the Central Intelligence Agency has used to undermine elections in foreign lands.

Two men posing as detectives gain entry to Ulrich’s of Youngstown at 1621 Elm St., tie up the jewelry store operator and escape with more than $1,600 in cash and assorted jewelry.

1963: Two drifters who visited eight Youngstown churches looking for a woman secretary with a car so that they could force her to drive them to Cleveland, instead stage a knife robbery at Lowe’s Beauty Shop on Hazel Street downtown, where they bound and gagged Victoria Zawacki. They are arrested a block from the police station after Mrs. Zawacki freed herself and went to the nearby Fiesta Bar for help.

Police Chief William R. Golden launches an investigation to determine if disciplinary action should be taken against a police captain who conducted a raid on a South Side tavern, arresting 24 men who were reported gambling following a bowling banquet.

1938: A Youngstown physician says that a mother and father and their three children are starving because they are without food and because they have been in Youngstown for only 10 months and do not qualify for county aid.

The old Springfield Evangelical Reformed Church between New Middletown and Petersburg observes its 130th anniversary with special services.

More than 600 additional men and women are put to work on WPA projects in Mahoning County, bringing the total employed on federal projects to a record high of 9,200.

Speaking at a conference of boards of elections called by Secretary of State William J. Kennedy, Mayo Fesler, director of the Citizens’ League of Cleveland, declares that Ohio’s 88 counties could save between $750,000 and $1 million through greater efficiency.

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