Today is Tuesday, March 19, the 78th day of 2013. There are 287 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1687: French explorer Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle — the first European to navigate the length of the Mississippi River — is murdered by mutineers in present-day Texas.
1918: Congress approves Daylight-Saving Time.
1920: The Senate rejects, for a second time, the Treaty of Versailles by a vote of 49 in favor, 35 against, falling short of the two-thirds majority needed for approval.
1931: Nevada Gov. Fred B. Balzar signs a measure legalizing casino gambling.
1943: Gangster Frank Nitti, leader of Al Capone’s Chicago Outfit, shoots himself to death in a railroad yard.
1945: Seven hundred and twenty-four people are killed when a Japanese dive bomber attacks the carrier USS Franklin off Japan; the ship, however, is saved.
1953: The Academy Awards ceremony is televised for the first time; “The Greatest Show on Earth” is named best picture of 1952.
1993: Supreme Court Justice Byron R. White announces plans to retire. (White’s departure paves the way for Ruth Bader Ginsburg to become the court’s second female justice.)
1988: President Ronald Reagan’s Presidential Commission on Privatization recommends that the Postal Service’s monopoly on delivering letters be phased out and private companies be given the opportunity to take over.
Edward A. Cruzmarinez, a Honduras exchange student visiting in Youngstown, says he is grateful that the United States has deployed troops to help his country’s small militia to fend of border intrusions from Sandinista forces in Nicaragua.
The Tri-County Chapter of the American Diabetes Association closes its Boardman office, leaving the nearest association office in Akron.
1973: Youngstown area residents are digging out from under one of the deepest snowfalls in recent years as 18 inches of snow close most schools and disrupt telephone, airline and bus service and leave many motorists stranded.
Barbara A. Brothers, instructor in English at Youngstown State University, earns a doctorate in English from Kent State University.
1963: Mahoning County Prosecutor Clyde Osborne says he will hire Boardman Police Chief Wesley Schellenger as a county investigator and will put him in charge of a probe of Mahoning County rackets.
Testifying in Mahoning County Common Pleas Court, Youngstown Patrolman Andrew Kovacs says Carmen Tisone, a Wilson Ave. tavern owner is one of six numbers bankers in the city. He identifies four of the other banks as “Naples’, Fetchett’s, Brier Hill and colored.”
1938: Fire destroys St. Fidelis Seminary in Herman, Pa., near Butler, routing 65 boys and 26 priests. The loss is estimated at $350,000.
Byron W Stewart, superintendent of the Youngstown Hospital Association, will go to Columbus seeking a state charter for the Associated Hospital Services Inc., which will provide hospital service on a pay-deduction plan for Mahoning County residents.