Today is Monday, March 11, the 70th day of 2013. There are 295 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1513: Giovanni de’ Medici is proclaimed pope, succeeding Julius II; he takes the name Leo X.
1861: The Constitution of the Confederate States of America is adopted by the Confederate Congress in Montgomery, Ala.
1862: During the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln removes Gen. George B. McClellan as general-in-chief of the Union armies, leaving him in command of the Army of the Potomac, a post McClellan also ends up losing.
1888: The Blizzard of ’88, also known as the “Great White Hurricane,” begins inundating the northeastern United States, resulting in some 400 deaths.
1930: Former President and Chief Justice William Howard Taft is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
1942: As Japanese forces continue to advance in the Pacific during World War II, Gen. Douglas MacArthur leaves the Philippines for Australia. (MacArthur, who subsequently vows, “I shall return,” keeps that promise more than 21/2 years later.)
1959: The Lorraine Hans-berry drama “A Raisin in the Sun” opens at New York’s Ethel Barrymore Theater.
1965: The Rev. James J. Reeb, a white minister from Boston, dies after being beaten by whites during civil rights disturbances in Selma, Ala.
1977: More than 130 hostages held in Washington, D.C. by Hanafi Muslims are freed after ambassadors from three Islamic nations joined the negotiations.
1985: Mikhail S. Gorbachev is chosen to succeed the late Soviet President Konstantin U. Chernenko.
2004: Ten bombs explode in quick succession across the commuter rail network in Madrid, Spain, killing 191 people and wounding more than 2,000 in an attack linked to al-Qaida-inspired militants.
1988: Astronaut James Lovell, a member of the 1970 Apollo crew that had a close call with death in space, says during a lecture at Powers Auditorium that the 1985 Challenger disaster has hamstrung the space program for too long.
More jobs in the future will require post-secondary education than ever before, says Chancellor William B. Courtler, while in Youngstown for a board of regents meeting at Youngstown State University.
Donna L. Barrett, a graduate of Struthers High School and Western Reserve Pastoral Institute, is installed as youth pastor at Highway Tabernacle Assembly of God, 3000 S. Raccoon Road.
1973: Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. is considering joining the Nefka Gas Expo in Moscow to showcase its oil country goods.
The piano duo of Ferrante and Teicher will present a concert of their popular “keyboard portraits” at a Monday Musical concert at Stambaugh Auditorium.
Appellate Judge Joseph W. O’Neill and Mrs. Mary E. Murphy are named Irishman-Hibernian and Irishwoman-Hibernian of the year for the annual St. Patrick Day luncheon at the Hotel Ohio.
1963: Dairy farmer Paul Rosenbeger, 41, six of his children and a nephew die in a fire that destroyed their two-story frame house in Portersville, Pa.
A 49-year-old male patient from Fremont dies in a fire set at Massillon State Hospital. Officials say a 13-year-old Youngstown boy patient said he set the fire because he wanted to go home.
Mayor Harry Savasten orders Youngstown’s finance department to check on nearly 40,000 parking tickets issued in 1962 that have gone unpaid.
1938: Two youthful bandits hold up Leonard Seigel, manager of the Factory Paint Co., 325 W. Federal St., in a daylight robbery, escaping with $171 after leaving Seigel bound and gagged.
Gifts of food and coal from sympathetic Youngstowners pour in to aid the family of an out-of-work World War veteran who was ruled ineligible for relief in Mahoning County.
Two sets of twins arrive within hours of each other in St. Elizabeth Hospital, both born to Girard women. Mr. and Mrs. John Tamborelli have twin girls and Mr. and Mrs. Randall Maggs have twin boys.