Today is Saturday, March 2, the 61st day of 2013. There are 304 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1793: The first president of the Republic of Texas, Sam Houston, is born near Lexington, Va.
1836: The Republic of Texas formally declares its independence from Mexico.
1861: The state of Texas, having seceded from the Union, is admitted to the Confederacy.
1877: Republican Rutherford B. Hayes is declared the winner of the 1876 presidential election over Democrat Samuel J. Tilden, even though Tilden had won the popular vote.
1917: Puerto Ricans are granted U.S. citizenship as President Woodrow Wilson signs the Jones-Shafroth Act.
1939: Roman Catholic Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli is elected pope on his 63rd birthday; he takes the name Pius XII.
1943: The three-day Battle of the Bismarck Sea begins in the southwest Pacific during World War II; U.S. and Australian warplanes are able to inflict heavy damage on an Imperial Japanese convoy.
1962: Wilt Chamberlain scores 100 points for the Philadelphia Warriors in a game against the New York Knicks, an NBA record that still stands. (Philadelphia won, 169-147.)
1972: The United States launches the Pioneer 10 space probe, which flies past Jupiter in late 1973, sending back images and scientific data.
1988: The Westminster College mock political convention nominates Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis to be the Democratic candidate for president on the third ballot.
Dr. Timothy J. Lyons resigns as dean of the College of Fine and Performing Arts saying he felt revelation of his homosexuality would prevent him from doing a good job. A student who was house sitting Lyons’ Austintown home while he was out of town was murdered, allegedly by the dean’s former lover.
General Motors jolts the city of Pontiac, Mich., with an announcement that it is halting production of the Fiero, the last Pontiac to be built in its namesake city.
1973: Youngstown School Superintendent Robert Pegues issues a warning that students who commit arson on school grounds will face criminal prosecution and permanent expulsion.
Ronald Carabbia, 39, of Poland and Lowellville Police Chief Ormond J. Donatelli, 37, are among six men indicted by a federal grand jury on charges of gambling in connection with a dice game at the Main Street Social Club in downtown Struthers.
Four United Steelworkers of America locals and four Mahoning Valley aluminum firms reach a new contract, ending a one-month strike.
1963: A Common Pleas Court jury of five men and seven women is dismissed after being unable to reach a verdict in the concealed-weapons trial of Youngstown gambler Jasper “Fats” Aiello. Aiello said he carried a .45 automatic in his waistband for protection after his life was threatened.
J.C. Penney Co. will close its downtown store at 238 W. Federal St. April 13, manager William D. Crumrine announces. The store opened in 1936, but in the last decade, Penney stores have opened in the Mahoning Avenue, Boardman and Liberty plazas.
U.S. Steel Corp. announces a multimillion dollar expansion of the McDonald Mills, including two new finishing lines and six annealing furnaces.
1938: Local race horse bookies and bug men introduce a new penny and nickel game based on picking the two races at Santa Anita and the Fairgrounds that pay the highest pari-mutuel. The odds of winning are 1 in 64 and payoffs are 40 or 50 to 1.
Dr. James Bennett, outstanding physician in the Youngstown area for many years, dies at his home at 634 Market St. following an illness of 19 years growing out of his strenuous service during the flu epidemic on the draft board during the World War.
All new car dealers and factory franchised used car dealers in Youngstown and Mahoning County will participate in a national campaign to pull the American automobile industry out of the current recession, says Alvin Mcauley of New York.