Today is Thursday, June 27, the 178th day of 2013. There are 187 days left in the year.


On this date in:

1844: Mormon leader Joseph Smith and his brother, Hyrum, are killed by a mob in Carthage, Ill.

1893: The New York stock market crashes.

1942: The FBI announces the arrests of eight Nazi saboteurs put ashore in Florida and Long Island, N.Y. (Six are executed while two are spared for turning themselves in and cooperating with U.S. authorities.)

1957: More than 500 people are killed when Hurricane Audrey slams through coastal Louisiana and Texas.

1963: President John F. Kennedy visits Ireland, the land of his ancestors, stopping by the County Wexford home of his great-grandfather, Patrick Kennedy, who’d emigrated to America in 1848.

1977: The U.S. Supreme Court strikes down state laws and bar association rules that prohibited lawyers from advertising their fees for services.

1991: Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, the first black jurist to sit on the nation’s highest court, announces his retirement.


1988: Mel Seese, an 81-year-old machinist, followed the New Avanti Motor Car Co. from his home in South Bend, Ind., to Youngstown, where he is working at Avanti’s Albert Street plant. Seese worked at Studebarker from 1937 until that company closed in 1964, and is the last living link between Studebaker and the New Avanti.

The people of Trumbull County are preparing to celebrate the bicentennial of the Connecticut Western Reserve, of which Warren was the first county seat.

1973: Gov. John J. Gilligan asks the Environmental Protection Agency to “back off for two years” before putting rigid pollution controls into effect in Ohio.

Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. will spend $20 million in the first year and eventually more than $450 million on its Youngstown district pollution control program, says Frank Nemec, chairman and CEO.

1963: A federal grand jury in Cleveland indicts former Youngstown Law Director S.S. Fekett on a charge of extortion and seven Youngstown area pinball machine operators on charges of tax evasion. They are Joe, Elias and Nicholas Alexander, Ronald, Orlando, Charles and Dorothy Carabbia.

The use of oxygen and natural gas at the No. 4 blast furnace at the Campbell Works reduces the use of coke and speeds smelting, which may help reduce the Youngstown district’s competitive disadvantages.

1938: About 400 Niles sheet mill workers return to work in Republic Steel Corp.’s Niles plant as an ill-fated SWOC strike is called off, 13 months to the day after it started.

Struthers is preparing to greet U.S. Postmaster General James A. Farley for the dedication of a new post office.

Hourly wages of steel workers, the highest in the history of the industry, are headed down, reports Ernest Nemenyi, Vindicator business writer.

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