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Utica Shale results not a big as expected

Published: Sat, June 1, 2013 @ 12:05 a.m.

By Burton Speakman



Production reports for the Utica Shale have been disappointing for analysts expecting a higher percentage of oil in the state’s wells.

When Aubrey McClendon, the former CEO of Chesapeake Energy, talked about the Utica Shale, he compared the play with the Eagle Ford in Texas, which is one of the most-successful shale plays in the lower 48 states, said Mark Hanson, energy analyst for Morningstar in Chicago. McClendon had estimated the Utica Shale could be worth as much as $500 billion.

Wells in the Eagle Ford produce about 75 percent oil by volume, he said. The most-successful wells in the Utica generate about 25 percent oil.

“Compared to one of the most- successful shale plays in the lower 48 states, the [Utica] just does not stack up based on the production reports,” Hanson said.

A production report from the Ohio Department of Natural Resources resulted in reduced stock prices for nearly every company operating in the Utica Shale, he said. The most-recent ODNR report showed 26.7 million gallons of oil, which is nearly 636,000 barrels, and 12.8 billion cubic feet of natural gas were produced last year in the state.

The Utica Shale primarily is natural gas, said Don Fischbach, chair of Energy Group for Calfee, Halter & Griswold, a Cleveland law firm. Though companies want oil because of its higher price, the shale still contains significant amounts of wet gas such as butane and propane — which generate higher profits than dry gas.

“It’s way too early for any sort of death march on the Utica,” he said.

Locally, there were five wells in Columbiana County that were part of the ODNR report. They produced 24,085 barrels of oil and 132,569 thousand cubic feet of natural gas. There was one well report for Mahoning County in which there was no gas production and 816.87 barrels of oil. The six wells were all owned by Chesapeake Energy. There were no production reports for Trumbull County.

According to ODNR records, only one of the local wells was in production for more than 40 days in 2012. A Hanover Township well off Georgetown Road near Westville-Lake Road was in production for 204 days. It produced 8,832.99 barrels of oil and 54,730 mcf (thousand cubic feet) of natural gas.

The geology of the area was understood with the eastern portion of the Utica mostly dry gas, the central part wet gas and the western area being oil, Fischbach said.

“There are only really two counties, Carroll and Harrison, that have shown good results compared to the Marcellus Shale, where eight or nine counties have shown above-average results,” Hanson said.

Devon Energy and Anadarko, companies in the western portion of the Utica where oil was expected to be found, had little to no production, Hanson said.

“Companies in the central portion of the shale like Chesapeake did have better results,” he said.

In response to a Reuters article that labeled the Utica Shale a bust, Dr. Robert W. Chase, chairman and professor of the Marietta College Department of Petroleum Engineering, wrote: “In the end, the raw production numbers reported to the state represent only a snapshot of what the industry is actually doing — and, more importantly, what it’s capable of doing. No, the oil numbers are not as good as other, more mature plays, like the Eagle Ford in Texas.”

The question is can companies produce economically and make a profit, Chase wrote.

Production results aren’t bad if you take them for what they are, Fischbach said.

“There weren’t any wells that had a full-year production cycle,” he said. “It was less than half a year for most of the wells.”

There is nearly $10 billion being invested in the midstream infrastructure, which includes pipelines and processing facilities, Chase wrote. Production numbers will improve once the infrastructure has been put in place.

Part of the issue is the reporting from ODNR didn’t provide the type of robust information that investors would like to see, such as separating dry from wet gas, Hanson said.

ODNR did not provide a response to the lack of detail in the production reports. It did provide an overall response to the idea that the shale play is less than was expected. “We believe Ohio is at the beginning of a major expansion of oil and gas production in the Utica/Point Pleasant play. Based on the number of wells permitted, wells drilled and production from these wells, ODNR is anticipating continued and staggering growth,” according to an email statement from Mark Bruce, public information officer.


1murphdawg7(1 comment)posted 3 years, 2 months ago

If you look at maps provided by the ODNR you will see that the most of the producing wells in the report are in the wet gas area of the play east of Carrollton Ohio. By the maps the oil window is west and northwest of all of those wells . In my opinion the oil companies have hardly even started to tap into the oil window .......If you look at the report and compare it to the maps you will see that the Cairns5h is along the edge of the oil window and in 120 days it produced over 29,000 barrels of oil .......seems like a pretty good well to me .........for some reason speaking with Cheasepeake over the winter I was told that all wells in western carroll county Rose township are on hold ..........maybe somebody doesn't want other companies and the landowners to know how good an area it really is. there is a processing plant online just south of all the active wells in Carroll county so I think that is why they are focusing on that area ......

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2Metz10987(145 comments)posted 3 years, 2 months ago

Or they have overhyped the whole shale boom. Let's not forget the media hype around here on how great this will be for the area. No doubt it will provide some benefit but to say it will be as much as during the glory days of the steel industry is really misleading. pretty much every boom goes bust in a few years, the Gold Rush out west as well as sliver mining etc. It is not that there are is no gold out west anymore I is that it not economical to mine for it anymore. Same thing will happen with the shale boom in 5 o 10 years, Past history proves this..

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3glbtactivist(321 comments)posted 3 years, 1 month ago

How much tax dollars were spent on this scam? Why didn't this article point out the millions of dollars wasted? How about the lie about the thousands of jobs? I have not heard of anyone being hired on a permanent basis for the gas business. Mostly out of state workers. Then we hear that Rep. Ryan is trying to get the gas that is found sold overseas. What a scam.

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4James_S(268 comments)posted 3 years, 1 month ago

Gas and oil from shale is limited.
Gas and oil from beneath the bedrock is virtually unlimited because gas and oil is formed beneath the bedrock- it is NOT "fossil fuel".
Don't believe the lies and
"Don't be fooled..."

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5James_S(268 comments)posted 3 years, 1 month ago

Gas and oil from shale is a nonrenewable resource.
Gas and oil is being formed beneath the bedrock and therefore is a renewable resource.
Don't believe the lies and
"Don't be fooled..."

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6prodgodq(172 comments)posted 3 years, 1 month ago

In the information age, facts are more elusive than ever.
I think the irony of this is hilarious.

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7Metz10987(145 comments)posted 3 years, 1 month ago

Natural gas is not a renewable resource, This is because it does not form in our lifetime but in thousands of years. You are correct though that it is formed though and technically we will never run out. You are lying though saying it is renewable And it is a fossil fuel. It forms form decomposed plant and animal matter in the same way as oil and coal. You sir need to read a good science or geology book and stop believing what the lobby groups and blind supporters are passing as fact.

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