Today is Sunday, July 28, the 209th day of 2013. There are 156 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1540: King Henry VIII’s chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, is executed, the same day Henry marries his fifth wife, Catherine Howard.
1794: Maximilien Robespierre, a leading figure of the French Revolution, is sent to the guillotine.
1914: World War I begins as Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
1932: Federal troops forcibly disperse the so-called “Bonus Army” of World War I veterans who have gathered in Washington to demand payments they aren’t scheduled to receive until 1945.
1943: President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces the end of coffee rationing, which had limited people to one pound of coffee every five weeks since it began in 1942.
1945: A U.S. Army bomber crashes into the 79th floor of New York’s Empire State Building, killing 14 people.
The U.S. Senate ratifies the United Nations Charter by a vote of 89-2.
1959: In preparation for statehood, Hawaiians vote to send the first Chinese-American, Republican Hiram L. Fong, to the U.S. Senate and the first Japanese-American, Democrat Daniel K. Inouye, to the U.S. House of Representatives.
1976: An earthquake devastates northern China, killing at least 242,000 people, according to an official estimate.
2002: Nine coal miners trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset, Pa., are rescued after 77 hours underground.
1988: About three-fourths of the Mahoning Valley’s 18,000 unemployed workers do not receive unemployment insurance payments, some because they fail to apply, others because they do not qualify or have exceeded the length of payments, which range from $42 to $248 per week.
A Trumbull County Common Pleas jury of three women and six men refuses to award damages to three men who claim Hubbard Township police arrested them falsely for rape in August 1985.
Three-month-old Kathryn Simunich is the first of Max and Terry Simunich’s surviving quintuplets to be released from Magee-Women’s Hospital in Pittsburgh and arrive at the family’s Greenville, Pa., home.
Weathersfield Township trustees approve a land-use permit for Petro Stopping Centers Inc. to build a “travel center” at Salt Springs Road and Interstate 80.
1973: The Mahoning County prosecutor’s office is investigating the distribution of anti-levy literature in Campbell that does not contain the name and address of the chairman of a group called the “Fair tax Committee.”
The Beaver Local High School cheerleading squad wins first place at the first annual cheerleading clinic at Kent State University-Salem. Members of the squad are Mary Pease, Bari Dunn, Christy Williams, Nancy Horger, Sheryl Croxall and Dava Barlow.
The Ohio House of Representatives votes 89-5 on a bill creating the Northeastern Ohio Universities School of Medicine. The bill awaits the signature of Gov. John J. Gilligan.
1963: U.S. Rep. Michael J. Kirwan of Youngstown, chairman of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, says the “radical right” has picked the 15th Congressional District of Pennsylvania as a battleground in its bid to capture the Republican Party. It is pouring money into the campaign of Fred G. Bartlett to defeat Fred B. Rooney for the seat vacated by the death of Democrat Francis E. Walter.
A 16-year-old Alliance youth, Richard J. Lacher, has his left hand blown off and suffers powder burns of the face while firing a cannon in a mock battle at West Point, Ohio, commemorating the capture of confederate Gen. John Hunt Morgan.
Roy B. Ewing of Lisbon retells the story of Morgan’s Raiders’ incursion into Columbiana County on July 26, 1864, as told to him by his father, John Ewing, who was 5 years old at the time.
1938: Mahoning County relief director Isadore L. Feuer resigns his position, clearing the way for him to remain in the race for the Democratic nomination for Mahoning County auditor.
Republic Steel Corp. and its subsidiaries report a net loss of $2.8 million for the second quarter of 1938.
More than 136 children are developing strong bodies at the Christ Mission Helio-Hygiene Camp.