Today is Monday, July 22, the 203rd day of 2013. There are 162 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1587: An English colony fated to vanish under mysterious circumstances is established on Roanoke Island off North Carolina.
1796: Cleveland, Ohio, is founded by Gen. Moses Cleaveland.
1893: Wellesley College professor Katharine Lee Bates visits the summit of Pikes Peak, where she is inspired to write the original version of her poem “America the Beautiful.”
1916: A bomb goes off during a Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco, killing 10 people.
1933: American aviator Wiley Post completes the first solo flight around the world as he returns to New York’s Floyd Bennett Field after traveling for seven days, 183/4 hours.
1934: Bank robber John Dillinger is shot to death by federal agents outside Chicago’s Biograph Theater, where he had just seen the Clark Gable movie “Manhattan Melodrama.”
1942: The Nazis begin transporting Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto to the Treblinka concentration camp.
Gasoline rationing involving the use of coupons begins along the Atlantic seaboard.
1943: American forces led by Gen. George S. Patton capture Palermo, Sicily, during World War II.
1946: Jewish extremists blow up a wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 90 people.
1963: Sonny Liston knocks out Floyd Patterson in the first round of their rematch in Las Vegas to retain the world heavyweight title.
1975: The House of Representatives joins the Senate in voting to restore the American citizenship of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee.
1983: Samantha Smith and her parents return home to Manchester, Maine, after completing a whirlwind tour of the Soviet Union.
2003: Saddam Hussein’s sons Odai and Qusai are killed when U.S. forces storm a villa in Mosul, Iraq.
2011: Anders Breivik massacres 69 people at a Norwegian island youth retreat after detonating a bomb in nearby Oslo that kills eight others in the nation’s worst violence since World War II.
1988: Out-of-state companies say they are interested in locating on city-owned land adjacent to Youngstown Municipal Airport, but a deal hinges on extending water and sewer lines to the area.
Speaking after a town hall meeting in Sharon, Pa., Pennsylvania Sen. Arlen Specter, a Republican, says a mismanaged prison furlough program in Massachusetts is the “Achilles heel” of Democratic nominee Michael Dukakis.
Youngstown Council approves a contract with AFSCME workers that calls for a wage increase of 2 percent, but even that will increase the city’s deficit and necessitate layoffs, says Finance Director Gary Kubic.
1973: Two Campbell sisters are shot to death and a third woman is wounded when the husband of one of the women walks into the Stage Coach Lounge in Coitsville and opens fire. Dead are Vernie Wasser Reyer, 30, and Wilavene Ramirez, 35.
The Fraternal Association of Steel Haulers will be setting up pickets in Youngstown to protest contracts signed by the Teamsters with major trucking companies.
Some 16,500 spectators see the Youngstown Charity Horse Show finale at the Canfield Fairgrounds.
1963: County Prosecutor Clyde Osborne tells Philadelphia police he is no longer seeking Frank Palermo Jr.’s return to Youngstown to face charges in the $500,000 arson at the Youngstown Club.
Playing at the Idora Park Ballroom, the world famous Glenn Miller Orchestra under the direction of Ray McKinley.
The Broumas Theater chain buys the State Theater at 213 W. Federal St. for an undisclosed sum.
1938: A 31/2-month hunt for Thomas Galati, 29, Cleveland underworld charter and one of five men charged in the gang killing of Roy “Happy” Marino of Youngstown, ends with the capture of the fugitive in Marion, Ohio.
H. Russell Hare, office manager of the Commercial Credit Corp., is acquitted of grand larceny charges filed against him for repossessing an automobile in November 1937 while the owner, Frank Hunt, was at a picture show in Struthers.
Tommy Winfield of Warren, who is a flying instructor in Glendale, Calif., taught Douglas Corrigan how to pilot a plane by instruments and enjoyed reading about “Wrong Way” Corrigan’s trans-Atlantic flight to Ireland.