Today is Sunday, July 21, the 202nd day of 2013. There are 163 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1773: Pope Clement XIV issues an order suppressing the Society of Jesus, or Jesuits. The Society was restored by Pope Pius VII in 1814.
1861: During the Civil War, the first Battle of Bull Run is fought at Manasas, Va., resulting in a Confederate victory.
1925: The so-called Monkey Trial ends in Dayton, Tenn., with John T. Scopes found guilty of violating state law for teaching Darwin’s Theory of Evolution. The conviction is later overturned on a technicality.
1930: President Herbert Hoover signs an executive order establishing the Veterans Administration, which later becomes the Department of Veterans Affairs.
1944: American forces land on Guam during World War II.
1952: The Democratic National Convention, which nominates Adlai Stevenson for president, opens in Chicago.
1959: The NS Savannah, the first nuclear-powered merchant ship, is christened by first lady Mamie Eisenhower at Camden, N.J.
1961: Capt. Virgil “Gus” Grissom becomes the second American to rocket into a sub-orbital pattern around the Earth, flying aboard the Liberty Bell 7.
1972: The Irish Republican Army carries out 22 bombings in Belfast, Northern Ireland, killing nine people and injuring 130 in what becomes known as “Bloody Friday.”
1980: Draft registration begins in the U.S. for 19- and 20-year-old men.
1998: Astronaut Alan Shepard dies in Monterey, Calif., at age 74; actor Robert Young dies in Westlake Village, Calif., at age 91.
1988: James F. Lewis, defense attorney for Marie F. Poling, tells the jury that she shot her husband, Richard, out of fear that he would physically abuse their children as he had abused her.
Catholic and Protestant teenagers from Northern Ireland are staying with families in Youngstown, Austintown, Canfield, Boardman and Hubbard through July 31 as part of the Ulster Project USA.
A nearly blind, 90-year-old New Castle, Pa., woman, Thelma Probst, dies after being severely beaten during a burglary at her home at 3122 N. Beaver St.
1973: A low pressure area moves over the Youngstown area, dropping 2 inches of rain over most of the city.
A Washington, D.C., consultant hired by the Western Reserve Economic Development Agency recommends an economic strategy to protect the Mahoning Valley’s “very strong but vulnerable” economy against plant closings and business cycles.
Twenty-four families in Berlin Township file suit to ban a proposed drag strip saying auto racing would be a nuisance and an intrusion on their property rights.
1963: A Niles pharmacist, James Seiple, 34, is fatally injured and six others are injured in a three-car crash on state Route 46 about a half-mile south of the Mahoning-Trumbull county line.
The world’s largest looping tower is about to be completed at the Van Huffel Tube Corp.’s Larchmont Avenue plant in Warren. The tower and its adjoining welded tube mill will cost $1.25 million.
U.S. Rep. Michael J. Kirwan supports appropriations for an art gallery and air museum in Washington.
1938: Youngstown city Engineer Albert Haenny says plans to build a central fire and police station have been sent from Columbus to the Works Progress Administration in Washington.
Paul L. Strait, director for the Youngstown Metropolitan Housing Authority, returns from Washington, D.C, and says slum razing will begin within a week for the $3.5 million low-cost housing project.
A three-day celebration marks the 70th anniversary of the Bellefaire Jewish Orphan Home in Cleveland, in which seven Youngstown children are now being cared for. Clarence J. Strouss of Youngstown, whose father, Isaac, was director of the institution until his death, will head the local delegation to the event.