Today is Wednesday, July 17, the 198th day of 2013. There are 167 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1821: Spain cedes Florida to the United States.
1918: Russia’s Czar Nicholas II and his family are executed by the Bolsheviks.
1938: Aviator Douglas Corrigan takes off from New York, saying he is headed for California; he ends up in Ireland, supposedly by accident, earning the nickname “Wrong Way Corrigan.”
1944: During World War II, 320 men, two-thirds of them African-Americans, are killed when a pair of ammunition ships explode at the Port Chicago Naval Magazine in California.
1975: An Apollo spaceship docks with a Soyuz spacecraft in orbit in the first superpower link-up of its kind.
1981: One hundred and fourteen people are killed when a pair of suspended walkways above the lobby of the Kansas City Hyatt Regency Hotel collapses during a tea dance.
1996: TWA Flight 800, a Europe-bound Boeing 747, explodes and crashes off Long Island, N.Y., shortly after leaving John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 230 people aboard.
1988: Harry Meshel, of Youngstown, chairman of the Michael S. Dukakis presidential campaign in Ohio, warns that the hard line being taken by some Jesse Jackson supporters over the selection of Lloyd Bentsen of Texas as Dukakis’ Democratic running mate, could work against the best interests of the black community.
Security is tight at the Trumbull County Courthouse as the aggravated murder trial of Marie F. Poling, charged with killing her husband, Richard, opens with jury selection in the courtroom of Judge Robert A. Nader.
1973: General Fireproofing Business Equipment Inc. is awarded a contract by the General Services Administration for filing cabinets valued at $334,000.
Matt Cavanaugh has a single and a double to lead Brandywine Apartments to a 4-2 victory over Girard Lions in a Mill City Colt League game.
1963: A 16-year-old New Castle, Pa., youth is killed before horrified onlookers when he was hurled from the front car of Idora Park’s Jackrabbit roller coaster. Richard Dennis Nelson is pronounced dead at South Side Hospital.
1938: Youngstown Mayor Lionel Evans calls a meeting of civic, fraternal, religious and labor organizations to plan pursuit of a $3 million federal grant for civic and school improvements.
Three Warren youths, Kenneth and Harold Kenyon and Roy Williams, have built a two-seat experimental airplane that they say can be reproduced and sold for about $1,500 and will outperform virtually all light planes on the market.