Today is Sunday, July 7, the 188th day of 2013. There are 177 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1846: U.S. annexation of California is proclaimed at Monterey after the surrender of a Mexican garrison.
1865: Four people are hanged in Washington, D.C., for conspiring with John Wilkes Booth to assassinate President Abraham Lincoln.
1898: The United States annexes Hawaii.
1941: U.S. forces take up positions in Iceland, Trinidad and British Guiana to forestall any Nazi invasion, even though the United States has not yet entered the Second World War.
1952: The Republican National Convention, which nominates Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower for president and Sen. Richard Nixon for vice president, opens in Chicago.
1973: Actress Veronica Lake, known for her “peek-a-boo” hairstyle, dies in Burlington, Vt., at age 50.
1976: President and Mrs. Gerald R. Ford host a White House dinner for Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip.
1981: President Ronald Reagan announces he is nominating Arizona Judge Sandra Day O’Connor to become the first female justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
1983: Eleven-year-old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, leaves for a visit to the Soviet Union at the personal invitation of Soviet leader Yuri V. Andropov.
1987: Lt. Col. Oliver North begins his long-awaited public testimony at the Iran-Contra hearing, telling Congress that he had “never carried out a single act, not one,” without authorization.
1988: Warren Schools Supt. John Peckyno recommends a three-year plan that would close three elementary schools, one junior high school and combine the city’s two high schools as a response to a projected $6.5 million deficit.
Residents of the Mahoning and Shenango valleys say the continuing drought is reducing levels in water wells, and some wells have dried up.
City Hall workers and the Ungaro administration reach an agreement to avert a threatened July 15 strike. Details have not been announced.
1973: Two alert Youngstown patrolmen, George W. Davis and Andrew Chicase, spot a red money bag on Madison Avenue near Wick Avenue during the busy rush hour traffic and find that it contained more than $1,000 in receipts from McGarvey’s Restaurant at 50 W. Madison.
Capt. T. David Parham, on leave from the U.S. Navy Chief of Chaplains office while completing studies for Ph.D., will return to preach a sermon at First Presbyterian Church in Youngstown. His topic: “Independence and Responsibility.”
The Youngstown Hardhats will open their season in the Midwest Football League with a game in Lansing, Mich. Jay Cunningham, former Youngstown South High star who played for the Boston Patriots, has been named defensive backfield coach.
1963: District Attorney John Q. Stranahan is investigating a “speed trap” targeting out-of-state motorists in West Middlesex. That was operated by Robert Paul Preston, the 22-year-old justice of the peace, and a police officer.
The Pennsylvania Liquor Board is organizing an eight-member border patrol in a war against Pennsylvania residents bringing cheaper Ohio whisky into the state.
1938: Julian F. Nickum, 43, part owner of a chain of drug stores, is shot twice by two gunmen when he resisted bandits at his store at 64 N. Main Ave. in Sharon. He is in Buhl Hospital.
J. Eugene Roberts, Republican congressional candidate, say that William P. Barnum was drafted as a candidate in the race as part of a scheme to open the chairmanship of the Mahoning County Republican Party for Byron Wade.
Steel production in the Youngstown district increases four points, to 25 percent of capacity, with 27 of the area’s 83 open hearths in operation.