Today is Thursday, Jan. 31, the 31st day of 2013. There are 334 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1606: Guy Fawkes, who was convicted of treason for his part in the “Gunpowder Plot” against the English Parliament and King James I, is executed.
1863: During the Civil War, the First South Carolina Volunteers, an all-black Union regiment composed of former slaves, is mustered into federal service at Beaufort, S.C.
1917: During World War I, Germany serves notice it is beginning a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare.
1944: During World War II, U.S. forces begin a successful invasion of Kwajalein Atoll and other parts of the Japanese-held Marshall Islands.
1950: President Harry S. Truman announces he has ordered development of the hydrogen bomb.
1958: The United States enters the Space Age with its first successful launch of a satellite into orbit, Explorer I.
1961: NASA launches Ham the Chimp aboard a Mercury-Redstone rocket from Cape Canaveral; Ham is recovered safely from the Atlantic Ocean following his 161/2-minute suborbital flight.
1971: Astronauts Alan Shepard, Edgar Mitchell and Stuart Roosa blast off aboard Apollo 14 on a mission to the moon.
1988: Ohio Supreme Court Justice William A. Sweeney shudders at the thought of lawyers advertising their services, even though they’ve been doing it for more than a decade and have been given support by the U.S. Supreme Court.
The Sharon Steel Corp., reported to be losing millions of dollars a month in 1987, experienced a positive cash flow in December, says Walter Sieckman, chief operating officer.
Tom Batiuk, creator of the Funky Winkerbean comic strip, based two weeks of strips on the Boardman High School symphonic band’s trip to Carnegie Hall.
Austintown police say a 14-year-old boy received a superficial gunshot wound in the parking lot of the Westchester Square apartments when a handgun held by a 6-year-old boy accidentally discharged.
1973: Youngstown Democratic ward captains recommend the endorsement of former Mayor Anthony B. Flask for the party’s nomination for mayor.
The Ohio Education Association’s chapter at Youngstown State University votes to protest the action of the YSU trustees in the rapid appointment of a new president without consulting with the faculty.
The Big Perfecta at Waterford Park in Chester, W. Va., has one winner; 5861 pays $15,141.
1963: The Mahoning County Bar Association honors retired Common Pleas Judge John W. Ford for 21 years of public service.
About 250 employees of General Fireproofing Co. are laid off temporarily and immediately, a result of a sharp drop in government business reflecting the government’s austerity program.
Seth Taft, former president of the Citizens League of Cleveland, tells an audience assembled by the League of Women Voters of Greater Youngstown at the Mural Room that a city seeking to eliminate corrupt government and vice and rackets must have an aroused citizenry and nonpartisan organization to guide it.
1938: Youngstown City Council is taking steps to ban the sale of alcoholic beverages, including 3.2 beer, in the city on Sunday.
More than 40,000 students begin second semester classes in Youngstown, Campbell, Struthers and Mahoning County public school districts.
Architect Morris W. Scheibel submits plans for a 13-acre, $1.3 million apartment village on the North Side to the Federal Housing Administration.
Workmen had to tow a crushed auto from the scene of a crash off North Road in Niles to Powers Garage where crowbars, jacks and blow torches were needed before the body of retired steelworker George B. Archer, 65, could be extricated from the mangled machine.