Exxon once again has surpassed Apple as the world’s most-valuable company after the iPhone and iPad maker saw its stock price falter.
Apple Inc.’s stock has been on the decline since the company’s quarterly earnings report Wednesday suggested that its fast growth phase, rare for a company of its size, may be coming to an end.
Apple’s stock fell 2.4 percent to close Friday at $439.88 for a market capitalization of $413 billion. That followed a 12 percent drop Thursday, the biggest one-day percentage drop for the company since 2008.
Exxon Mobil Corp. gained 38 cents Friday to $91.73 for a market capitalization of $418 billion.
Apple first surpassed Exxon in the summer of 2011, displacing the oil company from a perch it had held since 2005. The two companies traded places through that fall, until Apple surpassed Exxon for good in early 2012 — at least until Friday.
China’s largest oil company, PetroChina, could lay claim to having hit a market capitalization even higher than either Exxon’s or Apple’s, but based only on prices on the Shanghai stock exchange, which is isolated from the rest of the financial world because of Chinese laws on foreign investment. PetroChina’s shares also trade in Hong Kong and on the New York Stock Exchange. Based on prices there, its market capitalization never went as high as $500 billion.
Apple and Exxon are among only a half-dozen U.S. companies ever to have reached $500 billion in market value. Apple and Microsoft Corp. are the only ones ever to have hit $600 billion.
Apple’s stock price peaked in September at $705.07 on the day the iPhone 5 was released. Exxon, in the meantime, has been trading steady. Its business — oil — seems less prone to stock market ups and downs than the Cupertino, Calif.-based tech darling.
Exxon, which is based in Irving, Texas, set a record in 2008 for the highest quarterly earnings by any company. In the first nine months of 2012, Exxon earned nearly $35 billion, or 10 percent more than the same period in 2011, on revenue of $367 billion.
Results for the fourth quarter are due Feb. 1.
Exxon, the biggest investor-owned energy company in the world, predicted in December that oil will continue to be the most important source of energy.
That’s because cars, trucks, airplanes, trains and ships still will depend heavily on oil-derived fuels such as gasoline and diesel.