Today is Tuesday, Jan. 1, the first day of 2013. There are 364 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1863: President Abraham Lincoln signs and issues the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring that slaves in rebel states shall be “forever free.”
1890: The first Tournament of Roses is held in Pasadena, Calif.
1913: The U.S. Parcel Post system goes into operation.
1953: While being driven to a concert in Canton, Ohio, country singer Hank Williams Sr., 29, dies in the back seat of his car.
1983: The current version of the Internet comes into being as the Internet protocol suite, commonly known as TCP/IP, becomes the mandatory standard.
1994: The North American Free Trade Agreement goes into effect.
1988: St. Elizabeth Hospital announces a 12 percent increase in room rates, bringing the daily charge for a semi private room from $205 to $230 to $216 to $242. The Western Reserve Care System will raise its semi-private rate from $214 to $227 a day.
Ohio has been eliminated from contention for the $6 billion superconducting supercollider by the National Academy of Sciences.
1973: Heads of top-ranking steel mills in the Youngstown District are unanimous in their opinion that there are better days for their industry in 1973.
The traffic death toll in Mahoning County, including the city of Youngstown, is 68 for 1972, one fewer than a year earlier.
1963: Lake Central Airlines asks the Civil Aeronautics Board for authority to sharply cut its service at Youngstown Municipal Airport, including elimination of Saturday flights.
December’s weather in the Youngstown district varied from one extreme to the other with a record high of 61 degrees on Dec. 1 and a record low of -1 on Dec. 31.
1938: Three New Year’s Eve fatalities add to a record toll for 1937, with 92 traffic deaths in Mahoning County, 53 of them in the city. The county toll in 1936 had been 73.
Three bandits, described by cashiers as surly and mean, hold up the Citizens Savings Bank of Columbiana, escaping with between $5,000 and $10,000.
Mahoning County Republicans are laying plans for a vigorous 1938 campaign to recover the congressional seat won by Democrat Michael Kirwan, who defeated 22-year incumbent John Cooper in 1936, and to swing the district for Republican nominees for governor and U.S. Senate.