By Marc Kovac
Brine from horizontal-hydraulic fracturing could not be spread on roads for dust or ice control, under language included in Gov. John Kasich’s biennial budget proposal.
The provision is one of several related to fracking in eastern Ohio’s growing oil fields included in the $63 billion, two-year spending plan.
A comparison document compiled recently by the state’s legislative service commission (online at www.lsc.state.oh.us) outlines fracking-law changes at several state agencies.
The brine-application language is part of proposals affecting the Ohio Department of Natural Resources. According to spokeswoman Bethany McCorkle, local governments could still allow road applications of brine from conventional vertical wells, as allowed under legislation passed more than a dozen years ago.
Other fracking-related provisions in the budget include:
Production Reports: The budget, as written, would require horizontal-well owners to file reports with ODNR on the volume of oil and gas produced during a quarter. Annual reports are required under state law.
Additionally, the bill “requires the owner of a horizontal well that has no reported production for eight consecutive reporting periods, rather than two consecutive reporting periods as under current law, to plug the well, obtain temporary inactive well status for the well, or perform another activity regarding the well that is approved by” the state agency.
Lease Transfers: The legislation would require notifications within 30 days of oil and gas leases or interests being transferred to new owners.
“This provides better notification for the landowner,” McCorkle said in an electronic statement. “If a company leases mineral rights and decides to transfer the rights to another company, which happens often, then the company would be required to notify the landowner when the transfer was made and to whom.”
Impact Fee: The budget proposes a $25,000 horizontal-well impact fee, to be paid by owners for each well drilled. The payments would be deposited by counties into local oil-and-gas escrow accounts, with proceeds used to cover infrastructure and other costs resulting from the well.
Drillers, however, would recoup the impact fees over time, via reductions in their tax obligations.
Radioactive: The legislation would create testing requirements and limits on the disposal of earthen material from oil and gas drilling that includes “technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive material,” known by the acronym TENORM.
According to a summary statement from ODNR, “While it is anticipated that TENORM will not be produced at levels that would present a risk to public health, the state is strengthening its regulations to help ensure that these materials are properly characterized and safely managed in Ohio’s solid waste landfills since it is anticipated more of this material will need to be disposed of due to increased oil and gas drilling in the state.”