Americans stepped up borrowing in December to buy cars and attend school. But they cut back sharply on credit-card use, continuing a trend that could hold back growth this year.
Consumer borrowing rose $14.6 billion in December from November to a total of $2.78 trillion, the Federal Reserve said Thursday. That’s the highest level on record.
The increase was driven entirely by gains in student and auto loans. Borrowing in the category that measures those loans increased $18.2 billion to $1.93 trillion. That’s the biggest monthly gain since November 2001.
Credit-card debt, however, fell $3.6 billion to total roughly $850 billion. Total credit-card debt has declined 17 percent since July 2008.
Americans have been relying less on their credit cards since the Great Recession. And December’s decline also could be a signal that consumers were worried about higher Social Security taxes that began lowering take-home pay this year.
“High unemployment and the increase in payroll taxes will leave households reluctant to run up big credit-card balances,” said Paul Edelstein, director of financial economics at Global Insight. “An unwillingness to take on this form of debt will limit the speed at which consumer spending will grow this year.”