Today is Sunday, Dec. 8, the 342nd day of 2013. There are 23 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1776: During the Revolutionary War, Gen. George Washington’s retreating army crosses the Delaware River from New Jersey into Pennsylvania.
1854: Pope Pius IX proclaims the Catholic dogma of the Immaculate Conception, which holds that Mary, the mother of Jesus, is free of original sin from the moment of her own conception.
1886: The American Federation of Labor is founded in Columbus, Ohio.
1914: “Watch Your Step,” the first musical revue to feature a score composed entirely by Irving Berlin, opens in New York.
1941: The United States enters World War II as Congress declares war against Japan, a day after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
1961: A fire at Hartford Hospital in Connecticut results in 16 deaths.
1962: The first session of the Second Vatican Council is formally adjourned.
1972: A United Airlines Boeing 737 crashes while attempting to land at Chicago-Midway Airport, killing 43 of the 61 people on board, as well as two people on the ground; among the passengers who die are Dorothy Hunt, wife of Watergate conspirator E. Howard Hunt, U.S. Rep. George W. Collins, D-Ill., and CBS News correspondent Michele Clark.
1980: Rock star John Lennon is shot to death outside his New York City apartment building by an apparently deranged fan.
1982: A man demanding an end to nuclear weapons holds the Washington Monument hostage, threatening to blow it up with explosives he claims are inside a van. (After a 10-hour standoff, Norman D. Mayer is shot dead by police; it turns out there were no explosives.)
1988: Changing technology and markets are the major reasons legislation is needed to allow alternative methods of setting rates for local telephone service, says Thomas V. Chema, chairman of the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio.
Trumbull County administrative Judge Mitchell F. Shaker will recommend to general division judges that they fund their 1989 budget request.
Liberty police interrupt a burglary in progress at Stambaugh’s Home Improvement Center in the Liberty Plaza, but the burglar escapes empty-handed.
1973: Rodney Sumpter, 25, of Warren is stabbed to death during an argument with another man in the maternity ward of Trumbull Memorial Hospital.
A 120-voice choir from Secrest and Jefferson schools in Warren join the W. D. Packard Band for a Christmas concert at the W. D. Packard Music Hall.
The Rev. Kenneth W. Sherrod comes from First Church of Christ in Barberton to take the pastorate of Corner House Christian Church, Chestnut Ridge Road, Hubbard.
1963: A vacant 160-year-old mansion on Main Street in Jamestown, Pa., that was once owned by Dr. William Gibson, a close friend of Mark Twain, is vacant and in danger of decay, but some residents are urging that it be converted into a community center.
Forty-two people, from infants to grandparents, spend 24 hours in a simulated bomb shelter in South High School as part of a Civil Defense shelter management course.
Atty. Ted Chuparkoff, a graduate of Struthers High School, Youngstown University and the University of Akron law school, is appointed chief police prosecutor of Akron.
1938: A spectacular fire caused by defective wiring destroys a large WPA warehouse in the Wickliffe area, with losses expected to reach $100,000.
Anna Marie Hahn, 32-year-old mother of a 12-year-old son, is the 214th person to die in Ohio’s electric chair. She was convicted of poisoning 78-year-old Jacob Wagner of Cincinnati and was accused of poisoning three others to get their savings.
The South Side Merchants Association reports during a victory dinner at the Southern Hills Country Club that it has added 322 members, bringing membership to 836.