Today is Tuesday, Aug. 27, the 239th day of 2013. There are 126 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1776: The Battle of Long Island begins during the Revolutionary War as British troops attack American forces, who end up being forced to retreat two days later.
1859: Edwin L. Drake drills the first successful oil well in the United States, at Titusville, Pa.
1883: The island volcano Krakatoa erupts with a series of cataclysmic explosions; the resulting tidal waves in Indonesia’s Sunda Strait claims some 36,000 lives in Java and Sumatra.
1908: Lyndon Baines Johnson, the 36th president of the United States, is born near Stonewall, Texas.
1928: The Kellogg-Briand Pact is signed in Paris, outlawing war and providing for the peaceful settlement of disputes.
1939: The first turbojet-powered aircraft, the Heinkel He 178, goes on its first full-fledged test flight over Germany.
1942: The Times of London publishes an editorial calling on the British government to promote the production of penicillin, the first mention of the antibiotic by a newspaper.
1988: A reduction in flight service hours at the Youngstown Municipal Airport should not scuttle plans to create a port authority, says Trumbull County Commissioner Christopher S. Lardis.
Negotiations over a new labor contract at LTV Steel Co.’s Warren Works are concluded after the steelmaker agrees to underwrite a second multi-million dollar “safety net” fund for the mill’s employees, members of USW Locals 1375 and 6824.
Speaking at the summer commencement of Youngstown State University, Alice R. Powers, who with her late husband, Edward W., donated money to save the Warner Theater from demolition, tells the graduates that some of the most important influences in our lives remain invisible.
1973: Capt. Joseph Hajcak, son of Mr. and Mrs. George Hajcak of Salem, lands the Goodyear blimp Mayflower at Youngstown Municipal Airport for an overnight stop.
The John Soldo family of North Lima is named the urban family of the year, and the Larry Johnson family of Green Township is named the farm family of the year for the Mahoning County Fair.
Almost 2,000 people attend a celebration at the Saxon Club on S. Meridian Road where new youth equipment is dedicated and the mortgage for the building constructed in 1967 is burned.
1963: Some 500 people attend a re-enactment of a Civil War skirmish at Canfield Village Park sponsored by the Canfield Women’s Club. The event raised $85 toward saving the century-old Elisha Whittlesey law office in village park as a historical monument.
Ohio Attorney Gen. William Saxbe issues an opinion saying that the creation of municipal courts in Struthers and Campbell will not cause the elimination of any of the five existing county judgeships.
Gov. James A. Rhodes will open the first completed leg of the new state Route 11, which will stretch 86.5 miles from Lake Erie to the Ohio River at East Liverpool. The first section is 8.5 miles from Ashtabula’s east limits to state Route 46.
1938: The Youngstown Parks and Recreation Commission considers closing three of the city’s swimming pools immediately after city council cuts $5,000 from the parks budget.
The bulk of Mrs. Annie Arms Bonnell’s $101,913 estate is left in trust for her son, Charles, exclusive of two $2,000 bequests to Memorial Presbyterian Church and the Youngstown City Hospital Association.