Today is Tuesday, Aug. 20, the 232nd day of 2013. There are 133 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1833: Benjamin Harrison, 23rd president of the United States, is born in North Bend, Ohio.
1862: The New York Tribune publishes an open letter by editor Horace Greeley calling on President Abraham Lincoln to take more aggressive measures to free the slaves and end the South’s rebellion.
1866: President Andrew Johnson formally declares the Civil War over, months after fighting had stopped.
1882: Tchaikovsky’s “1812 Overture” has its premiere in Moscow.
1910: A series of forest fires sweeps through parts of Idaho, Montana and Washington, killing at least 85 people and burning some 3 million acres.
1940: During World War II, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill pays tribute to the Royal Air Force before the House of Commons, saying, “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.”
1953: The Soviet Union publicly acknowledges it has tested a hydrogen bomb.
1955: Hundreds of people are killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco and Algeria.
1968: The Soviet Union and other Warsaw Pact nations begin invading Czechoslovakia to crush the “Prague Spring” liberalization drive.
1977: The U.S. launches Voyager 2, an unmanned spacecraft carrying a 12-inch copper phonograph record containing greetings in dozens of languages, samples of music and sounds of nature.
1983: Philippine opposition leader Benigno S. Aquino Jr., ending a self-imposed exile in the United States, is shot dead moments after stepping off a plane at Manila International Airport.
1988: Poland Township trustees delay placing a 2-mill levy on the ballot after Treasurer John Rosensteel says during a meeting that he thinks the levy is unnecessary.
The Edward J. DeBartolo Corp. announces plans to build a regional shopping mall in Citrus County, Fla., about 70 miles north of Tampa/St. Petersburg.
More than 200 people gather in front of the Mahoning County Courthouse to protest a lack of progress in the case of two men accused in the disappearance of Marcell Byers, a 19-year-old North Side man who has not been seen since his abduction July 11.
1973: Robert Maro, 20, an attendant at the Sunoco Service Station on McCartney road, is in St. Elizabeth Hospital with a gunshot wound received when one of four robbers opened fire on him.
Twenty-one countries will be represented by displays of their cultures in the International Building when the 127th annual Canfield Fair opens Aug. 30.
Three Lake Milton residents are killed when their car collides with a Jeep on a county road in West Virginia. Dead are William H. Bryner, 35; his wife, Judy Kaye, 19, and Thomas H. McCauley, 39.
1963: Identical twins from Youngstown will be on the faculty at Elmira, N.Y. Saul Lerner, 26, will be a history instructor; his brother, Dr. Nathan Lerner, is an assistant professor of chemistry.
Albino Ruocchio, a Youngstown man who escaped execution in Ohio’s electric chair in the early 1940s, has had his first-degree murder charge commuted to second degree, is eligible for parole. Ruocchio served 20 years for the shooting of Frank Canonico, operator of a Himrod Avenue tavern.
Counseling personnel at Rayen, East and South high schools begin interviewing potential dropouts under a $1,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, part of President Kennedy’s program to prevent school dropouts.
1938: The City Trust & Savings Bank offers to donate a 17-foot strip of land in front of its South Side branch for the widening of Market Street.
Fred Shutrump, Mahoning County Democratic chairman, says he and Postmaster Alvin Craver, a former chairman, will back former Sheriff Peter Corll for party chairman, a powerful position because of state and federal patronage.
Vindicator Columnist Esther Hamilton recounts the story of Jack, Harry and Albert Warner, well known former Youngstown men, who head Warner Bros., which not only produces motion pictures, but owns the majority of the music-publishing houses in American and 500 leading theaters throughout the county.