Today is Monday, Aug. 19, the 231st day of 2013. There are 134 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1807: Robert Fulton’s North River Steamboat arrives in Albany, two days after leaving New York.
1812: The USS Constitution defeats the British frigate HMS Guerriere off Nova Scotia during the War of 1812, earning the nickname “Old Ironsides.”
1848: The New York Herald reports the discovery of gold in California.
1918:, “Yip! Yip! Yaphank,” a musical revue by Irving Berlin featuring Army recruits from Camp Upton in Yaphank, N.Y., opens on Broadway.
1934: A plebiscite in Germany approves the vesting of sole executive power in Adolf Hitler.
1936: The first of a series of show trials orchestrated by Soviet leader Josef Stalin begins in Moscow as 16 defendants face charges of conspiring against the government. All are convicted and executed.
1942: During World War II, about 6,000 Canadian and British soldiers launch a disastrous raid against the Germans at Dieppe, France, suffering more than 50 percent casualties.
1951: The owner of the St. Louis Browns, Bill Veeck, sends in 3-foot-7 Eddie Gaedel to pinch-hit in a game against Detroit. In his only major league at-bat, Gaedel walks on four pitches and is replaced at first base by a pinch-runner.
1960: A tribunal in Moscow convicts American U2 pilot Francis Gary Powers of espionage.
1976: President Gerald R. Ford wins the Republican presidential nomination at the party’s convention in Kansas City.
1980: About 300 people aboard a Saudi Arabian L-1011 die as the jetliner makes a fiery emergency return to the Riyadh airport.
1982: Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya becomes the second woman to be launched into space.
1991: Soviet hard-liners make the stunning announcement that President Mikhail S. Gorbachev has been removed from power, a coup attemp that collapses two days later.
2003: A suicide truck bomb strikes U.N. headquarters in Baghdad, killing 22, including the top U.N. envoy, Sergio Vieira de Mello.
1988: A dip in attendance at Youngstown’s five city swimming pools during a long, hot summer has the Park and Recreation Commission pondering whether it should close one or more pools in 1989.
With the Republican National Convention drawing to a close, U.S. Sen. Robert Dole of Kansas tells the Ohio delegation, “We don’t win the presidency if we don’t win Ohio.”
George Zordich, an off-duty Youngstown firefighter, is being credited with saving the life of 3-year-old Brian Durkin who was found unconscious at the bottom of the family’s South Side swimming pool.
1973: Mayor Jack C. Hunter issues a permit for residency of the lower three floors of downtown Youngstown’s latest office building, the City Centre One, developed by Richard E. Mills.
Ohio reports that 114,357 Vietnam era veterans are studying under the GI bill in the state, which is 12 percent below the national average.
Youngstown State University’s new football coach, Rey Dempsey, has an abundance of quarterbacks, including Ursuline’s Phil Fontanarosa who is transferring from Whittenberg, and Ted Liszka of Campbell, who is shifting from Kent State.
1963: Carmen Ambrosia of the Ambrosia Coal and Construction Co., Edinburg, Pa., asks Mahoning County commissioners about strip mining coal from the old County Home site on Herbert Road.
Five Campbell men, three men from Youngstown and one from Trumbull County pay the $50 federal gambling tax. Among them is Joey Naples Jr., whose brothers, Sandy and Billy, have been killed in gangland style.
1938: Mayor Lionel Evans says the city’s board of control will approve purchase of 570 parking meters for the downtown area within a week.
The contest for chairman of the Mahoning County Republican organization will be between county Chairman Thad C. Rose and Joseph Jones, a former Republican chairman, after Byron Wade, deputy clerk of the board of elections, announces he will not be a candidate.
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