Today is Thursday, Aug. 15, the 227th day of 2013. There are 138 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1057: Macbeth, King of Scots, is killed in battle by Malcolm, the eldest son of King Duncan, whom Macbeth had slain.
1812: The Battle of Fort Dearborn takes place as Potawatomi warriors attack a U.S. military garrison of about 100 people. (Most of the garrison was killed, while the remainder were taken prisoner.)
1914: The Panama Canal opens to traffic.
1935: Humorist Will Rogers and aviator Wiley Post are killed when their airplane crashes near Point Barrow in the Alaska Territory.
1945: In a radio address, Japan’s Emperor Hirohito announces that his country has accepted terms of surrender for ending World War II.
1947: India becomes independent after some 200 years of British rule.
1961: As workers begin constructing a Berlin Wall made of concrete, East German soldier Conrad Schumann leaps to freedom over a tangle of barbed wire.
1969: The Woodstock Music and Art Fair opens in upstate New York.
1971: President Richard Nixon announces a 90-day freeze on wages, prices and rents.
Bahrain declares its independence from Britain.
1974: A gunman attempts to shoot South Korean President Park Chung-hee during a speech; although Park is unhurt, his wife is struck and killed, along with a teenage girl. (The gunman was later executed.)
1998: Twenty-nine people are killed by a car bomb that tears apart the center of Omagh, Northern Ireland; a splinter group calling itself the Real IRA claims responsibility.
2003: Bouncing back from the largest blackout in U.S. history, cities from the Midwest to Manhattan restore power to millions of people.
2008: Georgian President Mikhail Saakashvili grudgingly signs a U.S.-backed truce with Russia, even as he denounces the Russians as invading barbarians and accuses the West of all but encouraging them to overrun his country.
Michael Phelps wins his sixth gold medal with his sixth world record, in the 200-meter individual medley at the Summer Olympics. American Nastia Liukin wins the gold in women’s gymnastics; friend and teammate Shawn Johnson is second.
1988: Richard W. Atkinson, a delegate to the Republican National Convention pledged to nominee-to-be George Bush, says local Democrats take black voters for granted, which is one of the reasons he is a black Republican.
Trumbull County Commissioner Christopher Lardis says the commissioners are tired of being billed for legal expenses by lawyers who file suit on behalf of other elected official seeking more funding.
Mayor Patrick J. Ungaro and Finance Director Gary T. Kubic say nine city employees in three departments face layoffs Sept. 1 because the city is facing a deficit for the year unless cuts are made.
1973: U.S. District Judge Leroy J. Contie Jr. issues a temporary restraining order preventing the closing of the flight service center at Youngstown Municipal Airport by the Federal Aviation Administration.
The American Heart Association, Eastern Ohio Chapter, moves its headquarters from 2516 Market St. to the Executive Square Professional Building at 35 Chester Ave., Austintown.
A wet spring and sudden hot weather have contributed to a severe outbreak of webworm moths in trees throughout the Mahoning Valley.
1963: Mahoning County commissioners receive a request from trustees of the Mahoning Valley Historical Society for at least $10,000 in 1964 to operate the Arms Museum at 648 Wick Ave.
The mercury at the Youngstown Municipal Airport drops to 47 degrees, a record low for the date.
U.S. Rep. Michael J. Kirwan, D-Youngstown, ranking member of the House appropriations subcommittee handling reclamation, lashes out at a Life Magazine article attacking multimillion-dollar Western reclamation projects as “pork barrel.” Kirwan says the Bureau of Reclamation, which began operating in 1902, pursues the rarest of federal programs, those that pay for themselves.
1938: Youngstown police are looking for a South Carolina car and two men and a woman who brought a 17-year-old girl to the city and abandoned her downtown with only six cents.
“Aunt Esther” Bailey is the oldest woman in Mahoning County as she celebrates her 102nd birthday.
Apparently through an error in filing charges by Police Prosecutor David Neiman, Alex Blaine, 37, escapes with a payment of court costs and a 30-day license suspension for running a stop sign that resulted in a three-car crash and the death of Margaret Bernat, 20.