Today is Wednesday, Aug. 14, the 226th day of 2013. There are 139 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1848: The Oregon Territory is created.
1908: A race riot erupts in Springfield, Ill., as a white mob begins setting black-owned homes and businesses on fire; at least two blacks and five whites are killed in the violence.
1935: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Social Security Act into law.
1941: President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill issue the Atlantic Charter, a statement of principles that renounce aggression.
1945: President Harry S. Truman announces that Japan has surrendered unconditionally, ending World War II.
1947: Pakistan becomes independent of British rule.
1951: Newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst, 88, dies in Beverly Hills, Calif.
1962: Robbers hold up a U.S. mail truck in Plymouth, Mass., making off with more than $1.5 million; the loot was never recovered.
1969: British troops go to Northern Ireland to intervene in sectarian violence between Protestants and Roman Catholics.
1973: U.S. bombing of Cambodia comes to a halt.
1993: Pope John Paul II denounces abortion and euthanasia as well as sexual abuse by American priests in a speech at McNichols Sports Arena in Denver.
1997: An unrepentant Timothy McVeigh is formally sentenced to death for the Oklahoma City bombing.
2003: A huge blackout hits the northeastern United States and part of Canada; 50 million people lose power.
The chief justice of the Alabama Supreme Court, Roy Moore, says he will not remove a Ten Commandments monument from the state judicial building, defying a federal court order to remove the granite monument.
Rebels lift their siege of Liberia’s capital.
1988: Edward J. DeBartolo Jr. opens his company’s “city within a city,” the New Orleans Centre, in conjunction with the start of the Republican National Convention.
Cortland sisters Jill and Jamie Bowers, 11, earn second place in the “most alike females” division for their age at the Twinsburg Twins Day Festival.
Youngstown Mayor Patrick J. Ungaro and state Sen. Harry Meshel say delays at the state level in implementing State Issue 2 funding will mean some local road and bridge improvement projects will be delayed.
1973: Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. joins Republic Steel Corp. and Armco Steel Corp. in applying to the Cost of Living Council for price increases on its sheet products.
Youngstowners begin paying $7.45 monthly for single-phone service from Ohio Bell Telephone Co., an increase of $1.15.
Dr. Phillip Giber, deputy Trumbull County coroner, rules accidental death of Steve Szabo, 71, who was found in a bathtub of scalding water at a nursing home at 115 Illinois Ave.
1963: A goal of $1.5 million is set for the Youngstown area’s first United Appeal Community Chest-Red Cross, at a meeting of the Community Corporation’s executive committee at the Hotel Pick-Ohio.
State Police and Pymatuning Township Officer John Bloss say they have solved six burglaries with the arrest of three teenage boys.
Master Sgt. Robert M. George, 35, of Youngs-town is reported wounded by small arms fire while on duty with the U.S. Army in Saigon, Vietnam. He is recovering in a Saigon hospital.
1938: Emanuel Hermig, 45, a WPA worker of Catalpa Grove, Lake Milton, is fatally shot by a neighbor following what deputy sheriffs say was an argument over a dog.
Sixteen Fourth Ward precinct committeemen take the first step toward ousting Fred Shutrump from his position as chairman of the Mahoning County Democratic executive committee, passing a resolution favoring John W. Powers for the chairmanship.