Today is Monday, Aug. 12, the 224th day of 2013. There are 141 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1813: Austria declares war on France.
1867: President Andrew Johnson sparks a move to impeach him as he defies Congress by suspending Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton.
1902: International Harvester Co. is formed by a merger of McCormick Harvesting Machine Co., Deering Harvester Co. and several other manufacturers.
1912: Comedy producer Mack Sennett founds the Keystone Pictures Studio in Edendale, Calif.
1937: President Franklin D. Roosevelt nominates Hugo Black to the U.S. Supreme Court.
1944: During World War II, Joseph P. Kennedy Jr., eldest son of Joseph and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, is killed with his co-pilot when their explosives-laden Navy plane blows up over England.
1960: The first balloon communications satellite — the Echo 1 — is launched by the United States from Cape Canaveral.
1962: One day after launching Andrian Nikolayev into orbit, the Soviet Union also sends up cosmonaut Pavel Popovich; both men land safely Aug. 15.
1978: Pope Paul VI, who had died Aug. 6 at age 80, is buried in St. Peter’s Basilica.
1985: The world’s worst single-aircraft disaster occurs as a crippled Japan Air Lines Boeing 747 on a domestic flight crashes into a mountain, killing 520 people. (Four people survive.)
1988: The controversial movie “The Last Temptation of Christ,” directed by Martin Scorsese, opens in nine cities despite objections by some who feel the film is sacrilegious.
2003: Liberia’s leading rebel movement agrees to lift its siege of the capital and vital port, allowing food to flow to hundreds of thousands of hungry people.
2008: Declaring “the aggressor has been punished,” the Kremlin orders a halt to Russia’s devastating assault on Georgia — five days of air and ground attacks that have left homes in smoldering ruins and uprooted 100,000 people.
1988: Youngstown police arrest a 27-year-old gang leader on two charges of attempted murder, whom they describe as a man who has been terrorizing the Kimmel Brook Apartments.
Victims of crimes in Mahoning and Trumbull. counties have collected more than $490,000 in benefits during fiscal 1988 from the Ohio Victims of Crime Compensation program.
Lawrence County Treasurer Robert Shaffer and District Attorney William Panella say none of the 61 charitable bingo licenses in the county will be renewed until their books have been audited to show that proceeds are going toward religious, charitable or civic causes.
1973: City Engineer Edmund J. Salata warns that it would cost $100 million to replace the city’s 65 bridges, but the city does not have a routine annual bridge maintenance program to guard against deterioration.
A proposed Trumbull County Charter would not reduce the county’s dependence on the state and would create chaos locally if approved, say two Trumbull County commissioners, Walter Pestrak, a Democrat, and Lyle Williams, a Republican.
The Youngstown Metropolitan Housing Authority dedicates its $877,982 Vasu Manor on Roosevelt Drive in Campbell. The complex contains 48 one- and two-bedroom apartments.
1963: Dick Santagata, an 18-year-old Ursuline grid and golf star, wins the Park & Rec Junior tournament at Henry Stambaugh golf course. Division winners were Mike Simon, Mickey Julian and Ted Stechschulte.
Mahoning County Prosecutor Clyde W. Osborne says he will open an investigation into charges and countercharges by Sheriff Ray T. Davis and the deputy he fired, Edward Farris, who has been a critic of alleged political kickbacks.
A Mill Creek Park policeman, Ray Carroll, discovers a man assaulting a 10-year-old girl in a wooded area near Volney Rogers playground. The man broke free from Carroll’s grasp, but tumbled down a hill and into a ravine, where he was captured by four police officers.
1938: Paul Strait, Youngs-town Metropolitan Housing Authority director, says it will take six or seven weeks to conclude the purchase of 86 parcels totaling 30 acres for the Westlake Terrace slum clearance project.
During hearings by the Senate civil liberties committee, it is revealed that President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Thomas Girdler, president of Republic Steel Corp., to not open the company’s Youngstown plant on June 22, 1937, during the Little Steel strike in the interest of public safety. The plant didn’t open that day, but not as a response to Roosevelt’s request.