Today is Friday, Aug. 9, the 221st day of 2013. There are 144 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1842: The United States and Canada resolve a border dispute by signing the Webster-Ashburton Treaty.
1854: Henry David Thoreau’s “Walden,” which describes Thoreau’s experiences while living near Walden Pond in Massachusetts, is first published.
1862: During the Civil War, Confederate forces drive back Union troops in the Battle of Cedar Mountain in Culpeper County, Va.
1902: Edward VII is crowned king of Britain following the death of his mother, Queen Victoria.
1936: Jesse Owens wins his fourth gold medal at the Berlin Olympics as the United States takes first place in the 400-meter relay.
1942: Britain arrests Indian nationalist Mohandas K. Gandhi; he is released in 1944.
1944: Some 258 African-American sailors based at Port Chicago, Calif., refuse to load a munitions ship following an explosion on another ship that killed 320 men, many of them black. (Fifty of the sailors were convicted of mutiny, fined and imprisoned.)
1945: Three days after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Japan, the United States explodes a nuclear device over Nagasaki, killing an estimated 74,000 people.
1988: Mahoning County Probate Court Referee William M. Marshall Jr. recommends that reputed mobster Charles D. Carabbia be declared dead. Carabbia disappeared in December 1980.
The 7th District Court of Appeals upholds the Mahoning County commissioners’ decision to relocate the county welfare department to Youngstown’s East Side.
1973: A federal crime commission issues a report to Atty. Gen. Elliot Richardson calling for all states to outlaw handguns except for law enforcement and military officers.
Curtis G. McCort, who headed the tax department at Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co., is named director of taxes for the parent company, Lykes-Youngstown Corp., in New Orleans.
1963: Police and scores of East Side neighbors search a wooded area off Clay Street for Elizabeth McCardle, 6, who fled in fear of having to get rabies shots after she was bitten by a stray dog. She was found, tired and with insect bites and scratches from the underbrush, after two hours.
Youngstown Mayor Harry Savasten welcomes delegates to the annual management conference of the Chamber of Commerce Executives of Ohio at the Hotel Pick-Ohio.
1938: With more than 20,000 votes cast before noon, Mahoning County appears on the way to setting a record for a primary election.
The Aria Chorus, 84 voices strong and conducted by Edward Belavic, performs at South Side Park to a capacity crowd.